During her recent interview with this publication, Rose (Ishimoto) Takata, who grew up in the historic Riverside area, referred to a now nonexistent community, west of the state Capitol, known as Japantown.
In sharing a memory about that community, Takata said, “Well, my dad (Sehei Ishimoto) used to take us there (to Japantown), because he had to sell his eggs and the crops that we grew. Well, of course, we had Chinese cabbage. We used to have what they call daikon – Japanese radish – and we used to do green onion. I’m sure we had cucumber and stuff, too. But, mainly, we took whatever we had to the Japanese market in Japantown. I would say (that market was located in) the main part (of Japantown), somewhere around (today’s Capitol Mall), somewhere around 3rd (Street).”
Sacramento’s Japantown, which was basically located within an area bounded by 2nd, 5th, L and O streets, began to take form in the late 19th century.
An essay, entitled “A Portrait of Sacramento’s Japanese Community,” by Cheryl Lynn Cole, notes: “It is not known for certain when the first Japanese arrived in Sacramento. Probably several passed through the city in 1868 while on their way to the Gold Hill Silk Colony, located between Coloma and modern Highway 50. And possibly some of them returned to reside in the city when that colony collapsed a few years later.”
A 1910 federal immigration commission report regarding “Japanese and other immigrant races in the Pacific Coast and Rocky Mountain states” notes: “The Japanese population of Sacramento is estimated to have been 12 in 1883 and 100 in 1893. According to the census, it was 337 in 1900. In June 1909, it was estimated at 1,000. About 700 of these Japanese were connected with business enterprises and professions or were unoccupied members of the families of persons thus gainfully employed. Some 300 were employed as porters in saloons, clubs and other places conducted by white persons, as domestics or as general ‘help’ in the city. The 1,000 just mentioned is the estimated number of the Japanese ‘settled’ or regularly residing there.”
The report also refers to a “floating population, which ranged from 200 to 2,500 Japanese people. The latter number was mentioned to have been the result of Japanese who gathered in the city during the last two weeks of August before they headed to work at nearby hop fields.
Sacramento was noted in the 1910 report to have been an important distribution point for Japanese laborers for the then past 20 years.
And in regard to early living accommodations for Japanese in Sacramento, the report states that Japanese laborers discovered that they were not welcomed in “white boardinghouses” in the city, and that that they did not find Chinese conducted lodging houses to be suitable to their standards.
The reactionary measure for these Japanese was for them to operate their own boarding and lodging houses.
In 1891, Sacramento became home to two Japanese operated hotels and a Japanese run lodging house. Several other similar places were operating in the city by the mid-1890s.
Sacramento’s Japanese population continued to expand and evolve with businesses and residential establishments, and their downtown community grew to become recognized as Japantown.
An example of the early growth in Japanese businesses in Sacramento is the expansion in the number of Japanese goods stores. The first of those stores opened in 1893 and by 1909, there were 12 such stores in the capital city.
Sacramento became home to its first Japanese bathhouse in 1891 and its first barbershop and restaurant serving Japanese and American food two years later. By 1909, Sacramento was home to 26 Japanese run barbershops, and 36 Japanese operated restaurants, 28 of which were located in Japantown.
In living up to its name, Japantown was certainly like a town, as it would grow to include many more establishments, including banks, grocery stores, fish markets, drugstores, tailor shops, shoe repair shops, laundries, furnishings stores, employment agencies, book and stationery stores, photography studios, a newspaper, printing shops, bicycle shops, churches and even a motion picture theater.
The first Japanese run grocery store in Japantown was in operation as early as 1893, and by 1909, 12 such businesses were operating in the area.
The 1910 federal immigration commission report refers to Japantown as the “Japanese quarter,” and mentions that most of the city’s Japanese lived and worked within that area.
“It is evident that (Sacramento’s Japanese) are closely colonized,” the report noted.
In addition to their success in the Sacramento area, local Japanese also experienced hardships related to discrimination.
For instance, the Webb-Haney Act, which was more commonly known as the California Alien Land Law of 1913, prohibited people who were not American citizens or not eligible for citizenship from owning agricultural land. The law, which was mainly directed toward Japanese, also banned such people from leasing the same property for more than three years.
Local Japanese were later targeted in the Johnson-Reid Act – aka the Immigration Act of 1924 – which, among other things, halted Japanese immigration to America. The law was enacted on May 26, 1924.
Undoubtedly, a great tragedy in the lives of Sacramento’s Japanese occurred as a result of the signing of Executive Order 9066 by President Franklin D. Roosevelt on Feb. 19, 1942.
The presidential approval of this order, which occurred following the Japanese attack on Pearl Harbor, allowed for the assembly, evacuation and relocation of more than 100,000 men, women and children of Japanese ancestry residing on the West Coast.
In regard to the removal of Sacramento’s Japanese from the capital city, a related article from the initial portion of that event appeared on the front page of The Sacramento Bee on Wednesday, May 13, 1942.
In describing the scene on that day, The Bee reported the following: “Carrying only their personal effects, large numbers of Japanese families, including tiny babies and gray haired oldsters, began gathering in front of the (Memorial) Auditorium shortly before 8 a.m. today. There they boarded buses for the short trip to camp.
“Streets were blocked off near the loading areas on I Street, between Fifteenth and Sixteenth streets, and on Fifteenth Street, between I and J streets, so that the evacuation could be carried on in an orderly manner.”
Following the war, many Japanese, who had resided in Sacramento’s Japantown, returned to that area and discovered that it had become occupied by others who had filled the vacancy created by their internment.
Available housing in that area, as well as throughout the city, was scarce following the war, and some local Japanese resorted to temporarily residing at the old Camp Walerga, where they had been detained before heading to the Tule Lake internment camp, near the Oregon border.
Eventually, the once thriving “Japanese quarter” made a partial comeback only to be eliminated again in the 1960s, this time in the name of redevelopment through the creation of Capitol Mall.
During her recent interview with this publication, Rose (Ishimoto) Takata, who grew up in the historic Riverside area, referred to a now nonexistent community, west of the state Capitol, known as Japantown.
The future California Indian Heritage Center in West Sacramento, as explained in the first article of this series, is on course to open in less than a decade. The center will replace the California State Indian Museum, which opened on the grounds of Sutter’s Fort in 1940.
In commenting about the initial phase of the project, Dana Jones, district superintendent of the Capital District for California State Parks, said that the closure of the present museum and the movement of its collection to the initial portion of the future center “will definitely happen in less than 10 years.” And she added, “The full build-out of the new project is more than 10 years (away from its completion).”
Curtis Park resident Larry Myers, who serves as president of the California Indian Heritage Center Foundation, described the future center as a “necessary” place.
“It’s necessary (to build the center),” said Myers, who is a member of the Pinoleville Pomo Nation, a federally recognized tribe of the Pomo people in Mendocino County. “It’s something very vital. It’s something that the Indian community needs, that the citizens of California need. I think it’s something that can be just really great, and I think the Indians of California really deserve something like this.”
Myers, who moved to Sacramento from the Mendocino County city of Ukiah (where his tribe conducts its business) 35 years ago, spoke with much enthusiasm regarding the partnership that has been formed between the state and California Indian tribes, in regard to the future center, which will be located across from Discovery Park, overlooking the confluence of the Sacramento and American rivers.
“What we anticipate is the tribes are going to be the leaders in what the (center’s) designs are going to look like, what needs to be displayed and how its going to be displayed,” Myers said. “So, it’s not going to be up to me or the State Parks to say this is what we’re going to display at this time. The tribes, they know their history and they know what’s important to them, so they can say this is important to be displayed right now and we want to make changing exhibits. Obviously, there are going to be a lot more displays than what is currently in the state Indian Museum.
“What state parks is excited about is the ability to create this new idea of a partnership and allow the people whose culture it is to be able to tell their story. I think we’re kind of creating a new future for partnerships in state parks.”
Myers said that there have been many efforts to encourage more California Indian tribe members to become involved with the project.
“We need people that want to preserve (their history),” Myers said. “You need people that are interested in their culture, and want to preserve it and want to share it. We need them involved in what we do and how we do it. And, right now I think and feel we (will not) get excitement until we start to build. I think the community is going to be sort of sitting there watching. For the last 25 years or so, I’ve been involved in trying to get this thing completed and working at it and talking to people. There have been efforts in the past to try to (get more people involved). The community has got to the point of (wondering), ‘Well, maybe it will happen, maybe not.’ (A) just wait and see kind of thing.”
Although it was reported by this publication on April 15, 2010 that the new center had been scheduled to open during the summer of 2016, Ileana Maestas, environmental coordinator for the capital district and former curator of the Indian museum, assures the community that the extension for the opening of the museum simply comes with the territory of establishing a new museum.
“Well, I think (people are) kind of holding their breaths, because this project has been going on so long,” Maestas said. “Everybody has the same question, ‘Why is this taking so long?’ I totally understand that. But it’s not a project that’s been passive by any means. Coming from someone who worked in the museum world, to get a museum off the ground, it takes time, and I think it has taken extra time, because of the whole state process. When I look at some of the other major museums that have been created, they take time.”
Sacramento experienced much growth in the radio world in 1945, when the city was introduced to two new local commercial stations.
The first of those stations to be introduced to Sacramento radio listeners was KCRA-AM.
With its official debut on April 23, 1945 at 6 a.m., KCRA-AM became Sacramento’s third commercial radio station, as it joined KFBK, which first broadcast in 1925, and KROY, which first went on the air in 1937.
The original partnership of the station consisted of Vernon Hansen of the Crystal Cream and Butter Co.; David R. McKinley, owner of Channel Bakeries, and Ewing Cole “Gene” Kelly, operator of a local advertising agency.
That partnership, which was recognized as the Central Valleys Broadcasting Co., was organized three years prior to the establishment of KCRA-AM.
Hansen, Kelly and McKinley filed an application with the Federal Communications Commission in July 1944 and received a grant for operating a radio station on Nov. 9, 1944.
Construction on the KCRA-AM studios began on March 14, 1945.
KCRA-AM made its unofficial debut on April 12, 1945, when Gov. Earl Warren was brought to the station by Kelly to comment on the air regarding the death of President Franklin D. Roosevelt.
The station, which was then the only National Broadcasting Company outlet in the Sacramento Valley, began on a wavelength of 1340 kilocycles and was serviced by Associated Press news and World Broadcasting Company entertainment features.
The first main studios of KCRA-AM were located in the Capital National Bank Building at 1007 7th St., and the station then-utilized a 250-watt transmitter and a 200-foot tower that sat 900 feet north of A Street at 27th Street.
The station’s other studios included facilities in the California-Western State Life Insurance Building at 926 J St., Room 604.
According to an article in the April 23, 1945 edition of The Sacramento Union, the original programs of KCRA-AM were broadcast to an audience of 350,000 in Sacramento, Yolo, Solano, Colusa, Nevada, Placer, Sutter, Yuba and El Dorado counties.
KCRA-AM was joined by KCRA 96.1 FM in 1947.
A U.S. commercial FM stations directory, compiled from official FCC records through Sept. 2, 1947, notes that the license for KCRA-FM was granted on March 12, 1947.
On Nov. 18, 1948, a voluntary assignment of license from Central Valleys Broadcasting Co. to KCRA, Inc. was completed.
It was also in the late 1940s when KCRA-AM made its move from 1340 kilocycles to 1320 kilocycles.
The Union reported on Sept. 11, 1949 that KCRA would be relocating from its then headquarters at 926 J St. to a building at 1011 11th Street, above the Country Maid Creamery restaurant “in 60 to 90 days.”
With that move, KCRA increased it overall floor space from 1,200 square feet to 4,000 square feet. The new plant featured two large studios, a control room and 15 offices.
It was also around that time that Howard Smiley, who formerly worked for KFBK and KROY, was hired as KCRA’s station manager.
In 1955, KCRA opened its new radio and TV studios at 310 10th St.
KCRA-TV was originally under the proprietorship of Gene Kelly and brothers Vernon, Gerald and Kenneth Hansen.
Gene Kelly died at the age of 57 on Oct. 29, 1960 and his widow, Nina, officially became a licensee of the corporation.
Another KCRA license change occurred on May 23, 1962, when the Hansen family, then owners of 50 percent of KCRA’s AM, FM and TV licenses, sold their share of the business to Nina and her sons, Robert E. and Jon S. Kelly. At that point, the Kellys officially began doing business as the Kelly Broadcasting Co.
KCRA-FM became KCTC in September 1968.
In 1977, the Kelly Broadcasting Co. began operating radio studios at 2225 19th St.
On July 3, 1978, The Sacramento Bee reported that the FCC had approved the transfer of licenses of KCRA-AM and KCTC to WGN of California, Inc. for $5.6 million.
It was also noted in the article that the Kelly Broadcasting Co. had reached an agreement on the sale with WGN Continental Broadcasting Co. during the previous August, and that the Kelly Broadcasting Co. had continued to operate the stations until the sale was completed.
KCRA 1320 AM became KGNR News Radio 132 in August 1978.
As for the second aforementioned radio station to begin its operations in Sacramento in 1945, a history of that station – KXOA – will be presented in the next edition of this publication.
In being that Charles died more than 125 years ago, it is understandable that many people in this community would benefit from a history regarding this former local citizen.
Born in Ohio to Ireland natives William and Elizabeth (McCurdy) Swanston on June 21, 1833, Charles was raised in that state, working on his father’s farm.
In 1865, Charles made his way to the Golden State, where he would initially work as a stock buyer for various parties.
Charles’ next financial endeavor was to establish a butcher’s shop.
According to the 1931 book, “History of the Sacramento Valley, California, Vol. 2,” Charles’ expanded business later became the largest of its kind in the Sacramento Valley and the only packing concern in the capital city.
As part of his business, which became strictly a wholesale operation, Charles owned 200 acres of land about two miles from Sacramento. On that property, he had packing and slaughterhouse structures that included the then latest equipment.
Charles was a large buyer and seller of stock for his business, which was also a feeder of beef cattle in Nevada and Oregon.
The aforementioned 1931 history book notes that Charles had an “unerring judgment in the selection of bullocks, sheep and hogs” and was “a man of great vision and abundant faith in the future development of the Sacramento Valley, a faith that he backed with his time, efforts and money.”
In 1861, Charles married the then-21-year-old Nancy M. Powers, who was a native of Beaver County, Penn., and together, they had three children, Lillian, George and Frank.
Nancy died at the age of 35 and her funeral was held at her old residence on K Street, between 18th and 19th streets.
George would eventually join his father in his business, and together they established the meat packing firm, Swanston & Son.
Swanston & Son was in operation as early as 1892, and George, who was a partner and general manager of the business, was heading a branch office in the Stoll Building at the southwest corner of 5th and K streets by at least 1898.
On April 14, 1911, Charles returned home from a trip to Bakersfield and complained of feeling faint. He died in the early morning of the next day before a doctor could arrive at his residence.
An announcement of Charles’ death in the April 16, 1911 edition of The San Francisco Call notes that he was “known from the Mexican border to Nevada, Oregon and Idaho as one of the biggest cattlemen in the state” and that through his business he owned large tracts of rich agricultural land in the Sacramento Valley.
The firm continued to successfully operate following Charles’ death.
An example of the business’s latter large scale operations appears in a brief news item in the April 5, 1913 edition of The Pacific Rural Press. That item reads: “Swanston & Son have been putting 1,000 head of steers from the San Joaquin Valley on their Colusa, Yolo and Lake county range. The cattle will be sent later to the Klamath Meadows to be finished for beef.”
On Nov. 14, 1922, the same publication reported: “Swanston & Son, Sacramento, topped the steer sale (at the California National Livestock Show in San Francisco) by paying 25 cents per pound for the champion shorthorn steer, Straloch Corporal (who was dropped at the Straloch Farm in Davis on Jan. 11, 1921).”
Among the various employees of the firm was Oswald Hall, a butcher who resided at 1930 F St.
Swanston & Son remained in operation until as late as 1926 under its president Robert Swanston, who was the son of George Swanston.
As a tribute to his father, George Swanston donated $10,000 for the creation of the aforementioned Charles Swanston Memorial Fountain, which sits upon a knoll and includes a statue of Charles that bears the inscriptions: “To the pioneers” and “Erected by George Swanston in memory of his father Charles Swanston.”
Although the featured topic of this article is the legacy of Charles, it should be recognized that George’s legacy is also substantial.
In addition to his successful business affairs with his father, George, in association with F.H. McKevitt, was involved with the 1922 sale of property, which would become William Land Park.
George died on July 23, 1923, prior to the completion of the park and its memorial fountain.
The memorial fountain was mentioned in the Jan. 4, 1923 minutes of the Sacramento City Council, as follows: “Communication from George Swanston (sic) relative to the adoption of plans for the improvement of William Land Park and his offer to build or cause to be built a public drinking fountain to be placed in the William Land Park and to be known as the Charles Swanston Memorial Fountain was ordered filed.”
The memorial, which sits in the park’s formal garden area, was designed and sculpted by the famous sculptor, painter, muralist, etcher and art educator Ralph Stackpole (1885-1973). It was officially accepted by the city on June 18, 1926.
Stackpole, who was a native of Williams, Ore., moved to San Francisco when he was 16 years old and became a student at the California School of Design (predecessor of the San Francisco Art Institute) two years later. At that institution, he was a student of painter Arthur F. Mathews (1860-1945). And at the same time, he was an apprentice of sculptor Arthur Putnum (1873-1930).
The great San Francisco earthquake of 1906 destroyed the Nob Hill home of the California School of Design.
Stackpole next studied art in Paris, and, in 1911, he returned to the United States, spending a year studying in New York under the Ohio-born artist Robert Henri (1865-1929).
Stackpole then made his way back to San Francisco, where he established an art studio at 728 Montgomery St. and taught sculpture classes at the California School of Design for many years. He also spent two years teaching the same subject at Mills College in Oakland.
It was during that era of his life that Stackpole created many sculpted works, including those for the 1915 Panama-Pacific Exposition in San Francisco and the 1939-40 Golden Gate International Exposition. His works also include murals in Coit Tower on Telegraph Hill in San Francisco and in the Sacramento City College auditorium, and a fountain at Cesar Chavez Plaza on the block bounded by 9th, 10th, I and J streets.
In 1922, Stackpole became friends with the famous Mexican muralist Diego Rivera (1886-1957), who he would bring to San Francisco eight years later.
Stackpole spent the final two decades of his life residing in Chauriat, France.
Like Stackpole, Charles Swanston left a strong legacy in this world.
In addition to his monument and other Swanston named local landmarks, including Land Park’s Swanston Way and Swanston Park at 2350 Northrop Ave., Charles has been memorialized through many positive words.
Certainly, among the words that support the worthiness of having a monument dedicated in his honor are the following words published in the aforementioned 1931 book: “Indeed (Charles) was a prominent factor in the commercial development of this city and was recognized as a man of reliable judgment, fine public spirit and genuine worth.”
Much has been written about the Portuguese people of the early years of the Riverside-Pocket area in this publication. But it should be recognized that Japanese also have a rich history in that area.
By the 1920s, the Riverside-Pocket area consisted of about two-thirds Portuguese people and about one-third Japanese people.
Certainly, one person who knows a considerable amount about that area’s early Japanese history is 91-year-old Riverside area native Shigeko “Rose” (Ishimoto) Takata.
During an interview with this publication last week, Takata recalled some of her early memories of that area.
“I still remember quite a bit of what went on when I was young,” said Takata, who was one of the six children of Sehei and Chiyo Ishimoto. “I went to school there (in the Riverside area) in the 1930s. I went to Sutter School (in a building that now houses Cabrillo Civic Club #5 at 4605 Karbet Way).”
In regard to some of the Japanese families of that area, Takata said, “One was named Kanaka, and mine was Ishimoto, of course, and we both had chickens and then we also grew vegetables. But it was mostly chicken. We were a chicken ranch. And there was (the) Kawai (family). They were just strictly (a vegetable farming family). I don’t know what kind of (vegetable) farming it was, but (it was vegetable) farming. (The Kanakas) and us, we were mainly chicken farmers. These three Japanese families lived on (the same) property (near Sutter School).
“There were other (Japanese families) right around the Sutter School there. A bunch of them had poultry farms. We kind of centered right around the school where I lived. There was one other (Japanese family) that was fairly far (away). Most of us residents had farms. You know where The Trap is? The Trap (which did not yet have that name) was there at the time we were there, too. It was owned by the Pimentels. That’s an old bar that’s been there for years and years and years. But anyway, around The Trap (at 6125 Riverside Blvd.), around that area, that Greenhaven area, there were a lot of farmers, truck farms. And then further up by (today’s) Pocket Road and so forth, around there were (several) Japanese farms. (The farms) went from Pocket Road to the river (levee).”
In response to the inquiry of when her family began residing in the Riverside area, Tanaka said, “I can’t say, but my oldest brother (Yoshio) was born in 1914, and they were already here (in the Riverside area). We lived by where the Sutter School was (located) on (the old) Riverside Road. I remember our rural route box number (at that time) was 123. We moved later just before the war (to) Sutterville Heights, which is near William Land Park, in that area.
The San Francisco Call, in its Wednesday, Aug. 20, 1913 edition, recognizes that Sehei and Chiyo were married during the previous day.
Included under a heading, which reads, “SAN FRANCISCO – The following marriage licenses were issued Wednesday (sic), August 19, 1913,” are the words: “ISHIMOTO-IWATSUBO – Sehei Ishimoto, 32, and Chiyo Iwatsubo, 20, both of Sacramento.”
The 1920 Census notes that Chiyo emigrated from Japan in 1913 and was then residing with her husband and three children on Riverside Road in the Riverside area of Sacramento County.
In recalling her school days, Takata said, “We were in the Sutter School District. There were people who lived beyond (today’s) The Trap (bar, at the present address of 6125 Riverside Blvd., and attended the Lisbon schools). (That) was another area that had Japanese.”
After departing from Sutter School each day, Takata would attend classes at a Japanese school.
In recalling that school, Takata said, “I did go to a Japanese school. Just about everybody did (attend that school). They had classes from first grade to eighth grade, and then on Saturdays they had what they called middle school. There must have been at least 100 kids (who attended the Japanese school). I would think, but I really have no idea. The classes were divided. There were two rooms. From Sutter School where we went, (the Japanese) school was, oh, I would say only about maybe four or five blocks (away). My teacher (at the Japanese school) was Matsumura. I think at one time I knew (her first name).”
Takata also recalled several of her classmates, including Ruth Imoto, Noboru Oto and her best friend, Yaeko Muramoto.
After school, Takata would complete chores on her family’s farm.
Takata later attended California Junior High School at 2991 Land Park Dr. and graduated from C.K. McClatchy High School in June 1941.
After being asked to summarize her life growing up during the Depression, Rose Takata said, “I tell people, we were poor, but we didn’t know it. I grew up in the 1930s. We always had food, we always had clothing, and we had a (Japanese) baseball team, you know, we had different things.”
Plans for the replacement of the California State Indian Museum on the grounds of Sutter’s Fort with the California Indian Heritage Center in West Sacramento are progressing slowly but surely.
Once scheduled to open during the summer of 2016, the future center is now on course to open in less than a decade.
In speaking about the change in plans for the opening of that center, Dana Jones, district superintendent of the Capital District for California State Parks, said, “Our timeline has been a little stretched. For the full build out, I would have to say, yes (to the center not being completed for more than a decade), but we are making significant progress right now. We are in the final stages of the (land) acquisition process. So, where the property is actually going to come over to State Parks, we anticipate that that’s going to be done by the end of this year. It has to go through the (state) Public Works Board. At that time, State Parks will be the owner of the 50 acres of the property, and we will be able to take a look at at least starting to program things on it and look at the future of what we’re building and what phases we’re building in.”
Jones added that the state already owns seven acres of the site, which is located across from Discovery Park, overlooking the confluence of the Sacramento and American rivers. The future center’s remaining 43 acres of the site was selected as a result of the city of West Sacramento’s agreement to donate the property for the project.
Ileana Maestas, environmental coordinator for the capital district and former curator of the Indian museum, said that she is eagerly anticipating the eventual opening of the Indian center.
“The California State Indian Museum is a special place and I’m really excited that this (Indian center) project is going on, because the state Indian museum will morph into the California Indian Heritage Center,” Maestas said. “So, it will be bigger, it will be more dynamic and just much more available so people can see about California Indian culture.”
Maestas also noted that California Indian tribes will play a substantial role in the development of the center.
“We’re in collaboration with the Indian community and we want them to make sure that they sign off on all that,” Maestas said. “Once this land transfers, the (Indian) community is going to be a lot more involved in deciding the type of museum that they want, the (structures), the layout, the square footage. Because this is (about) how they want their story told. And that’s why they called it a heritage center and not a museum. They want the public and the people who visit (the center) to understand that California Indian culture is unique and (it is) a culture that is alive and dynamic. In California, there are over 100 tribes, so the diversity of California tribes is big, too.”
In commenting about the tribes’ future involvement with the center, Larry Myers, president of the California Indian Heritage Center Foundation, said, “I guess when it finally opens, it will have, I think, an immeasurable impact on the Native American community. And the spiritual impact it’s going to have, it’s going to be a place that the Native American people are going to want to come, not just to read a book or look at artifacts, but also to work on materials, to do things, to do baskets or whatever art that they may want to do, or if there’s something spiritual that they need to know or they want to practice, this would be a place to do it.”
Jones explained that the size of the present museum is a problem, since it houses “substantially less than 5 percent” of its collection.
But Jones also emphasized that most museums do not display a large percentage of their collections.
And when asked to estimate what percentage of the collection will be on display at the new center, Jones said, “It really all depends, because we haven’t designed what it’s going to look like or the size of it. But it’s really important not to display everything (at the same time), because you (want) the ability to have rotating displays and to bring people in and (have) new things for people to look at.”
Maestas said that the new center’s large size gives it an advantage over the present Indian museum.
If there’s an exhibit at another (museum), say the Smithsonian did an exhibit on California Indians, then we would have the space to get that exhibit in,” Maestas said. “Where as right now, at the state Indian museum, that’s the one thing I would say about it, it doesn’t change. It tells the story of the Indian people, but we can’t bring in more contemporary stories, other parts of the stories. Things just stay the way they are, because there is no space to have new exhibits.”
Editor’s Note: This is the third article in a series about the history of broadcasting in the Sacramento area. This series was inspired by readers’ positive responses to previous articles about local television history in this publication and several requests to feature histories of local radio stations.Sacramento radio station KFBK, which was featured in the last article of this series, remained the city’s only commercial radio station until Monday, March 15, 1937. It was on that date that KROY, which would eventually operate in the Arden area, made its official debut at 1210 AM.
Efforts to establish KROY was described in an article in the Nov. 6, 1935 edition of The Sacramento Bee. In that article it was reported that San Francisco native Royal Miller (1884-1976), who then-resided at 1325 45th St., had applied to operate a new radio station in Sacramento.
Miller, according to the article, commented that KFBK was on the verge of doubling its advertising and enlarging its facilities, and therefore, he believed that Sacramento was in need of a second and smaller commercial radio station.
In addition to his eventual notoriety as the owner of KROY, Miller was well-known as the president of the Miller Automobile Co. at 1520 K St. That company then had an estimated net worth of $136,000.
At various times during his life, Miller had a variety of other roles, including serving as a member of the Sacramento City Council, second vice president of the Sacramento Chamber of Commerce and president of the board of directors of the Sacramento Municipal Utility District.
As previously mentioned, KROY officially went on the air on March 15, 1937. That action occurred at 2 p.m., with a push of a button by Gov. Frank F. Merriam from his office in the state Capitol.
After starting the station’s transmitter, Merriam briefly spoke on air to the station’s first listeners.
KROY’s dedicatory program was broadcast from its studio on the mezzanine level of the Hotel Senator.
The program, which concluded at 6:15 p.m., included greetings by other guest participants, including city, county and state officials. Among those officials were Lt. Gov. George J. Hatfield, Mayor Arthur D. Ferguson, City Manager James S. Dean and Sacramento County executive and purchasing agent Charles W. Deterding, Jr.
During the same evening, at 7:30 p.m., the Sacramento Chamber of Commerce honored Miller with a formal dinner at the Sacramento Hotel at 1107 10th St.
The original KROY staff consisted of Robert Barringer, general manager; Al Wolfle, technical director; Robert S. Spence, program director; Bert F. Hews, news editor; George W. Collipp, sales manager; Lucille McCubbin, receptionist; George F. Strahl, radio operator; Alyse Sullivan, women’s programs; and Harry Oakes, announcer-salesman.
A unique, original offering by KROY was its on air interviews with job applicants, for the benefit of employers through the California State Employment Service.
In 1941, KROY’s frequency was changed to 1240 AM, and the station began transmitting from a 195-foot-tall tower at 3502 Kroy Way in today’s Tahoe Park area.
Two major events in KROY’s history occurred in 1943, as the station changed from its original 100-watt operation to 250 watts of power, and KROY’s license was modified to feature a partnership of owners doing business as Royal Miller Radio. That partnership featured Royal Miller and his wife, Marion Miller, and L.H. Penney and Gladys W. Penney.
The Billboard magazine announced in its May 18, 1946 edition that the Federal Communications Commission had approved the sale of KROY to Harmco, Inc. for $150,000.
In the same edition of that weekly publication, it was noted that the Gibson Broadcasting Co. had submitted the same offer, but was turned down by the FCC, because that company was already operating another radio station, as well as two newspapers.
In the fall of 1952, Harmco, Inc. sold KROY to KROY, Inc., a then-newly formed organization headed by Charles L. McCarthy, for $425,000.
KROY was sold once again, in 1954, to Robert W. Dumm, a former manager of Sacramento radio station KXOA. Dumm had also previously worked as the sales promotion manager of San Francisco radio station KSFO.
In 1956, KROY began broadcasting at 1011 11th St., above the Country Maid Creamery restaurant.
KROY was sold to John T. Carey, Inc. in 1959, and then to Sacramento Broadcasters, Inc., which was headed by Lincoln Dellar, a year later.
It was also about that time when Arden area resident A.J. Richards became KROY’s station manager.
As a station that was known for presenting popular music of respective eras, KROY entered the rock and roll era in the same decade.
For a period of time, KROY regularly played surf music.
During research for this chapter, a unique entry was discovered in the April 11, 1963 city council minutes. That entry reads: “In accordance with verbal recommendation of the city manager, (Bartley W. Cavanaugh), Councilman (Philip C.) Mering moved that the written request of radio station KROY for permission to land a helicopter in Edmonds Field baseball park (at Riverside Boulevard and Broadway) on Saturday, April 13th, for a children’s Easter egg hunt be granted with the stipulation that evidence of insurance be filed, saving the city harmless.”
In early 1966, KROY, which was then a Top 40 format station, relocated to 977 Arden Way.
KROY was then managed by Dwight Case and was advertising itself as an “all request” radio station.
The station relocated its transmitter to the city dump, off 28th Street, in 1966.
It was also around that time that KROY persuaded popular KXOA deejay Johnny Hyde to become a KROY deejay and present his unique, non-Top 40 music program, “The Gear Hour.”
A KROY listeners’ survey list from Oct. 8-14, 1966 shows the titles of 40 top songs and 12 “hit-bound” songs. The top five songs on the main list are “I’m Your Puppet” (James & Bobby Purify), “Poor Side of Town” (Johnny Rivers), “Fortune Teller” (The Rolling Stones), “If I were a Carpenter” (Bobby Darin) and “The Fife Piper” (The Dynatones).
Such survey lists were based on a survey of record sales, listeners’ requests, national sales information and KROY’s “judgment of the record’s appeal to the Sacramento audience.”
A KROY document for the week of April 26 to May 4, 1967 notes that the 12 most requested tunes at that time were: “Yellow Balloon” (Yellow Balloon), “A Day in the Life” (The Beatles), “She Hangs Out” (The Monkees), “Blues Theme” (Davie Allan & The Arrows), “Groovin’” (The Young Rascals), “Somethin’ Stupid” (Nancy and Frank Sinatra), “Dry Your Eyes” (Brenda and The Tabulations), “Creators of Rain” (Smokey and His Sister), “On a Carousel” (The Hollies), “The Sound of Music” (The New Breed), “When I Was Young” (Eric Burdon & The Animals) and “Close Your Eyes” (Peaches & Herb).
In 1968, KROY became recognized as Sacramento’s number one radio station – according to Arbitron ratings books – and it would hold that position for several years.
KROY moved to new studios in the basement of a building at 1017 2nd St. in 1975.
In 1976, KROY 1240 AM was joined by KROI 96.9 FM.
According to a July 25, 1978 article in The Bee, during the previous day, the FCC approved the sale of KROY and KROI to Jonsson Communications, Inc. for a combined $4.08 million.
During the following year, KROI became KROY-FM.
Both KROY stations replaced their Top 40 format with an adult contemporary music format in the early 1980s.
KROY 1240 AM remained in operation until 1982, when it became known as KENZ.
On July 26, 1984, The Bee reported that KROY-FM had ended its rock format.
The article’s lead paragraph reads: “Sacramento radio listeners who had their sets tuned to KROY-FM this morning got a surprise when they awakened to KSAC and the sounds of vocalists like Frank Sinatra instead of the rock music of Van Halen.”
In regard to the KSAC call letters, the article noted that Ken Jonsson, who was president of the firm that owned Sacramento magazine, Heavenly Recording Studios at 620 Bercut Drive and radio stations in Sacramento, Manteca and Reno, played an integral role in securing those letters from a college radio station in Kansas.
The KROY letters were revived in 1985 by the station’s then-new owners, Commonwealth Broadcasting of Northern California.
KROY-FM made news again on Nov. 8, 1988, when The Bee reported that the station had been sold to the Great American Radio and Television Company of Cincinnati, Ohio for $11.7 million.
The article noted: “The station is expected to retain its current format of adult contemporary music. Its assets will be transferred from current owner, Commonwealth Broadcasting, to Great American within the next 90 days, a spokeswoman said.”
KROY-FM, which would eventually be recognized as “Hot 97,” officially left the air permanently in 1990 when it was replaced by radio station KSEG “The Eagle” 96.9 FM.
Phase one of Brookfield School project nearing completion: New school to open in Pocket area this fall
Both Dwayne Taylor, project superintendent, and Joe Giger, project manager, took breaks from their busy schedules last week to share details about the project with this publication.
Prior to discussing the project, which is being performed by the Rancho Cordova-based DesCor Builders, Taylor strolled across the extremely dusty grounds of the new school site.
In commenting about that powdery layer of silt, Taylor, who is a resident of Rocklin, said, “It’s been crazy. It’s been really hard to manage, because when you get it wet, it turns into snot, just slippery and it sticks to everything and you can’t drive on it. But after a good rain and it has actually had a chance to dry, then it kind of shrinks and solidifies. But as soon as you drive on it or walk on it, it breaks up and turns to ‘moon dust’ again.”
Taylor spoke with a confident and proud tone to his voice while he discussed the progress of the work that has been performed on the site since the project began last March. However, he admitted that some days have been more productive than other days.
“We’re still trying to cram a square block in a round hole,” Taylor said. “We have a really ridged, fast-paced schedule, and its construction. You know, not everything goes as we would like or we would hope. While we’re moving full speed ahead, occasionally we have to go backward and sidestep. So, it just adds to the schedule. It may appear on the outside that we’re moving forward. Sometimes we’re not. We have our complications, but sometimes that’s part of the fun. I enjoy a certain level of chaos.”
After being asked to name the most challenging part of the project, Taylor said, “It would probably be the framing. It’s a wood frame, so it’s like residential, but it’s commercial. In order for it to be structurally sound, there’s a lot of timber in these walls – a lot of posts and oversized studs, headers. Everything is oversized and overbuilt, because it’s commercial and it’s all wood.”
Taylor said that he feels fortunate to have been presented with a group of quality workers.
“We’ve been really lucky and got a good group of guys on this project,” Taylor said. “I think because of the pace and speed of the project, some of the subcontractors had to send some of their better guys out. We didn’t have a relaxed environment, so they could send out some more relaxed people. The quality (of labor) has been where it needs to be for a school (construction project), which is at a slightly higher level of quality for safety and things like that.”
Several of the workers, Taylor added, did receive a few complaints from residential neighbors.
“Some of the guys get a little too anxious and they start earlier in the morning before our 7 a.m. start time,” Taylor said.
Construction on the site was originally performed Mondays through Saturdays from 7 a.m. to either 4 or 5 p.m., but by June that schedule was decreased to the present Monday through Friday schedule, with the same hours.
In discussing the topic of the future school’s other neighbor – The Trap, and some of its owners’ concern with a school being built next to a bar – Taylor said, “I think they were just trying to bring attention to themselves and the project, and when that didn’t go their way, then they quieted down. But they’ve been great. They’ve been great neighbors.”
Taylor said that there is a possibility that the entire Brookfield School project may not be completed for about five more years.
“Phase two (which will feature a pre-K building and an all purpose/community center building) is funding driven, so as enrollment increases in the school, then that will help create the phase two budget,” Taylor said. “So, right now, it’s unknown whether it’s a year or five years (until phase two can be commenced).”
During his interview with the Pocket News, Giger, who is a resident of Carmichael, mainly focused on reviewing phase one of the project.
“Phase one is (the) administration building, (a) bunch of classrooms, computer rooms, science rooms, a lot of natural lights,” Giger said. “These classrooms have a ton of windows, both skylights, as well as ephemeral walls. They also have a pretty unique system called the night flush system that’s an energy efficient cooling system. There are a total of seven structures.”
Giger, who also manages the project with Placerville resident Colin Culver, project engineer, said that on average, about 60 people have been working on the site during the past five months. These workers have performed such labors as grading, concrete and framing work to drywall, painting and mechanical work.
In presenting a timeline of activities of the project, Giger began by saying that in March “there was a lot of clearing and grubbing and a lot of land leveling work, followed by a lot of underground utilities” work.
Giger added that water, sewer, storm drain and electrical infrastructures were added to the property, which he referred to as having been a “raw piece of land.”
After the utility work was completed in late April, cement was poured for the foundations of the buildings.
Giger noted that workers “prefabed the walls” for the project’s phase one buildings.
“We had a lay down area out here (where) we built every single wall before the (cement) was even poured,” Giger said. “Two days later, we were on it erecting walls, and the walls were already built, laying down on the ground. So, that was how we were able to expedite. If we were to just go once the flat is built and build every wall, we would still be in framing stages.”
After the walls were completely secured in their upright positions in either late May or early June, roofs were constructed above those walls from June through July.
The next step of the project was to begin the interior work such as electrical, mechanical, and plumbing additions.
Giger, who referred to that portion of the project as the “roughing stage,” said that stage has been completed, and workers are presently at the “finishes stage,” which consists of drywall work and painting.
During his interview for this article, Taylor mentioned that the exterior of the building will be painted in a variety of colors, with the main colors being red, blue and off white.
Beneficial to workers, as well as nearby neighbors, was the laying of asphalt driveways and parking areas on the corner of the site behind The Trap in late July. The presence of asphalt in that area eliminated any future possibilities of the stirring up of “moon dust” on that portion of the grounds.
To complete the project, workers will also perform T-bar work on the ceilings, grind and paint the concrete floors and add landscaping to the grounds. The irrigation system, which is necessary for the landscaping has already been added to the site, Giger said.
The addition of plants and trees at the site is scheduled to begin in about two weeks.
The current construction project, Giger noted last week, was then “roughly a month” away from completion.
After that work is completed, off-site improvements, including the installation of a traffic light at 43rd Avenue and Riverside Boulevard and a sidewalk on the street sides of the school, will begin.
In reviewing Brookfield School’s phase one project as a whole, Giger said, “The architects have done a very cool, open design with a single-pitched roof. It’s very modern, as well. The quality of the work has been great and (the Pocket area will soon have) a nice, fresh, brand new, state-of-the-art school.”
After nearly a half-century of serving the Roman Catholic Diocese of Sacramento, Dan Madigan, as noted in the previous article of this series was celebrated for his longtime devotion to the ministry, on Sunday, June 29. He officially retired the following day.
During his recent, exclusive interview with this publication, Madigan, 76, shared details about various experiences in his life.
Among those experiences, he noted, was serving as assistant pastor of the Sacred Heart Parish.
“I got promoted (from Our Lady of Lourdes Parish) – well, I feel it was a promotion over to Sacred Heart over at 39th and J (streets in East Sacramento),” Madigan said. “Governor (Ronald) Reagan was up the road there at that time, so it was totally, completely different (then at Our Lady of Lourdes). When I came from Ireland and went into Our Lady of Lourdes, I thought, ‘Well, that’s the United States.’ But (at) Sacred Heart, I didn’t feel as needed there, but the people are very nice there.”
In 1976, Madigan became the pastor of the Immaculate Conception Parish.
And in discussing his service with that parish, Madigan said, “Immaculate Conception came up as a pastor. I applied and got it, and I started the (Sacramento) Food Bank. These people came through very, very well. When I started the food bank, I started going out to other churches and making appeals, because we had to get some money to get going and get the thing off the ground. Those were wonderful years.”
In many ways, Madigan became synonymous with the St. Joseph Church of Clarksburg. And his longevity in that position alone certainly draws one’s attention.
Madigan, who began serving as St. Joseph’s pastor in 1989, explained that during his time as pastor of that parish, he gained a knowledge and appreciation for the history of the area.
“I knew very little about the background of this beautiful parish church, or even the Delta in which it sits,” Madigan said. “Neither did I know about the great number of Portuguese people who once lived on both sides of the Sacramento River, namely in the Pocket district, Freeport and also on the Yolo side of the river.
Additionally, Madigan spoke about the longtime Portuguese connection to St. Joseph Church.
“On learning the (the parish’s original, wooden) church was built by Portuguese immigrants, I immediately assumed all these folks came from Portugual,” Madigan said. “How wrong I was. Hearing about the Azores Islands, I decided to do some research. My quest led me down some beautiful pathways, discovering as I went, a people I have certainly fallen in love with. Their grit, their religious beliefs, their quiet and noble characters, coupled with their willingness to embrace the grueling work necessary to improve life for their families, made them my true heroes.”
The history of St. Joseph Church dates back to October 1892, when John Soto donated the Yolo County land for the sole purpose of building a Catholic church for the Portuguese farming community.
The baptismal book at St. Joseph Church reveals that between the years of 1893 to 1951, 591 Portuguese children were baptized at that church.
Madigan, continued his work as the director of the Sacramento Food Bank until December 2007.
He had opted to spend more time with the people of the growing St. Joseph Parish and to continuing to discover ways that he could help those in need.
Two years prior to leaving the food bank, Madigan established the St. Joseph’s Mobile Mall, which distributes household goods and clothing to many sites in south Sacramento.
And in 2012, Madigan founded the Mobile Food Locker ministry, which distributes food on a weekly basis to those in need at St. Anne Catholic Church at 7724 24th St., St. Paul Catholic Church at 8720 Florin Road, St. Anthony’s Catholic Church at 14012 Walnut Ave. in Walnut Grove and Bishop Gallegos Maternity Home at 6423 Lang Ave. in south Sacramento.
Those who know Madigan well know that his love of animals did not end with his dog, Brutis, who was referred to in the initial article of this series.
Madigan also grew up around donkeys and has had various other animals during his life, including his Great Danes, Seamus, Molly and Nellie.
Madigan said that he has retired to another residence in Clarksburg with the last survivor of those dogs, Nellie.
In explaining his decision to retire, Madigan said, “I’m certainly of the age – 76. Most priests retire at 70 and even some retire at 65. So, the next one would be 75, and I even went an extra year. I had contemplated maybe spending another couple of years (as St. Joseph’s pastor), but I am the youngest of the family in Ireland, so I have four brothers in Ireland and a sister and they’re all moving on in life. They’re 84 to 90 years of age. That’s definitely something I gave a lot of thought to, and I feel that they’re getting frail and so forth and I should be available to go back and see them. So, that was definitely a big factor.”
And after being asked how often he plans to return to Ireland, Madigan said, “When necessary.”
Madigan also said at the time of his interview for this series that he was planning to depart for a month-long trip to Ireland on July 16.
In addition to taking occasional trips to Ireland, Madigan has planned to utilize his retirement years to work on his writings.
Madigan, whose education includes earning a master’s degree in social work at Sacramento State University in 1976 and a doctorate’s degree in philosophy from the Union Institute & University of Cincinnati in 1979, is presently working on a book.
Despite his retirement, Madigan said that he will be available to assist any priest in need.
“I’ll always be willing to help out if some priest wants a little help here and there,” Madigan said. “It’s just that I’m not tied down to the commitment to work.”
The majority of the Tuesday Club of Sacramento’s existence was spent at its site, just south of Sutter’s Fort, at 2722 L St.
As mentioned in the previous article of this series, this local women’s institution opened its first club-owned meeting place at that location in 1912.
Those familiar with this club know that it consisted of various sections. And some of those sections included, at certain times, its home and garden (originally home and education) section, bridge section, choral section, drama section, dance section, historical and antique section, bowling section, golf section, arts and crafts section, creative writing section, Spanish study section and multiple book sections. The latter section previously operated as the literary department.
In February 1913, following the completion of the furnishing of its clubhouse, the club acquired a Steinway grand piano for its stage.
Fundraising for the rental of an additional piano in the lower hall, as well as for other purposes, began later that year.
The 1915 completion of the construction of the Women’s Building on the old grounds of the State Fair on Stockton Boulevard was a satisfying moment for the Tuesday Club, as it had encouraged the state to add the structure to that site.
The 1920s began with the formation of the Tuesday Club Auxiliary, whose membership consisted of unmarried daughters of Tuesday Club members. The purpose of the organization was to train its members “in the ways of future club women.”
The auxiliary, which began with a membership of 53 in January 1920 and disbanded two decades later, had regular meetings and special programs.
Among the club’s notable events of the 1920s occurred during the evening of Nov. 5, 1923, when the organization presented a special dedication program to introduce its new, $15,000 pipe organ to the public.
Every seat was filled and additional attendees crowded the hall’s stairways and doorways to witness a concert performed by John J. McClellan (1874-1925), organist of the Mormon Tabernacle Choir of Salt Lake City.
The opening number was the “Star Spangled Banner,” which would not become America’s national anthem for another seven years.
In all, McClellan played 20 numbers, including compositions by Wagner, Bach and Schubert.
The organ was a gift from Tuesday Club member Cornelia E. (Bromley) Fratt, who had donated the funds for the instrument in 1917.
The use of those funds for an organ were delayed due to World War I, as Fratt had requested that the money be made available for the possible purchase of Liberty Bonds.
With the end of the war, the funds would once again be made available to the club for the purchase of the organ. The instrument was eventually purchased, and then installed during the summer of 1923.
As part of the dedication event, Nellie Siddons Hall (1868-1943), then president of the Tuesday Club, officially received the organ on behalf of the club.
Another highlight in the club’s history came in 1927 with the burning of the mortgage of its clubhouse.
The club’s philanthropy department kept very active for many years.
For instance, members of the club spent decades providing financial support to the American Red Cross.
During World War II, the club set up sewing machines in its clubhouse and sewed for the war efforts behind blackout curtains.
In its efforts to serve as more than a social club, the Tuesday Club also supported the YMCA, the YWCA, the Sacramento Tuberculosis Association and the Yolo Causeway project. The club also assisted in the establishment of a juvenile court.
In order to provide better communication with its members, the club began publishing its own newsletter, The TC News, in November 1946.
The Dec. 1, 1946 edition of The News notes: “Hale Brothers (department store at 825 K St.) have expressed their good wishes in a tangible way with the gift of The TC News. While we our counting our blessings and achievements, let us remember the sponsor who made our bulletin possible.”
On Dec. 8, 1949, the club established its picture rental section at the E.B. Crocker Art Gallery – today’s Crocker Art Museum.
The section, which was the idea of Tuesday Club member Maud Pook, had the dual purpose of allowing those of lesser financial means to rent quality, original oil and water color paintings – and later acrylic, block prints, collage and other art media – for their homes or offices and providing an outlet for new artists to display their works.
Among the most notable local artists who contributed their works to this section was Sacramento artist Wayne Thiebaud.
In the April 1971 edition of The TC News, it was mentioned that Ruth E. Gorman, picture rental chairman, had reported that about 3,000 paintings were being rented each month.
The picture rental section was relocated to Country Club Centre and reopened at that site on Sept. 8, 1974. And due to a decrease in interest by the public and Tuesday Club members, this service was sold a decade later.
Undoubtedly one of the lowest moments in the club’s history came by way of a fire that virtually destroyed its clubhouse on Sept. 11, 1950.
To make matters worse, fireman Carson Hart was killed while fighting the fire.
Following that casualty, the club established the Carson Hart Memorial Fund to assist in the education and training of Hart’s three daughters.
With the loss of its building, Tuesday Club members, who then numbered 1,160, met for general meetings at the Alhambra Theatre at 1101 Alhambra Blvd. in East Sacramento, as well as at other locations.
It was also during that time that the club set up temporary headquarters and held section meetings at the Scottish Rite Temple, at 2730 L St.
After much discussion among club members, a decision was made by the club to rebuild its clubhouse in the same location of its previous clubhouse.
A contract was let for that project in September 1951 and the structure was almost entirely rebuilt and expanded by contractor Charles F. Unger at a cost of $118,400.
On May 10, 1952, The Sacramento Bee reported that the new clubhouse was completed and ready for occupancy.
In its description of the building, The Bee included the following words: “The front of the two-story structure has been remodeled in contemporary style with native materials. The predominant exterior colors are gray and brown.
“(Architect Kenneth C.) Rickey (of the architectural firm, Rickey & Brooks) said large planter boxes have been included at the main front entrance and the front second story deck.
“The auditorium has been refinished and equipped and front rooms have been enlarged for office and clubroom space. A new entrance to the basement banquet room has been provided and the downstairs kitchen area has been remodeled.
“The rear doorways of the auditorium have been doubled in size and two new steel fire escapes have been added. The ceiling was curved to provide improved acoustics and new flooring and balcony seats were installed. Curtain and stage equipment were fireproofed.”
Fortunately, many of the buildings furnishings were saved during the fire and were placed in the newly completed building.
On May 1, 1952, club officials moved into the structure’s new office area, and a formal opening of the building was held 19 days later.
During the same year, the club was incorporated as a nonprofit organization, with dues of $10 per year.
The Tuesday Club House Association, the stock corporation that had handled the club’s business affairs for the previous half-century, was dissolved in 1953, as the club purchased all of the association’s remaining stock.
In another Bee article, which was published on November 17, 1954, it was reported that the Tuesday Club had discontinued its affiliation with the General Federation of Women’s Clubs during the previous day due to an increase in annual dues from $375 to more than $900.
With the 1960s came the introduction of the sewing section’s fashion shows, which featured creations of that section’s members.
Additionally, the club purchased a Baldwin grand piano during the same decade.
In December 1965, The TC News announced the formation of the club’s travel section, noting: “The travel section is opening the doors to travelers, so that they may travel to all parts of the world with their friends, with the added advantage of group rates.”
In celebration of its 75th anniversary, the club held its “Diamond Jubilee” dinner dance at the clubhouse on March 13, 1971. Music was provided by Eddie Halter’s orchestra.
In 1976, 12 6-foot tables and 25 8-foot tables were purchased for the clubhouse’s Camellia Room and the building’s Ladies Lounge received new, elegant carpeting.
A continuation of the club’s history, some of which will be told by former members of the club, will conclude this series in the next addition of this publication.