Meet your school board candidates

Dear readers: In an effort to help get out the vote and provide the public with relevant information regarding our area’s school board candidates, the following is our question and answer special, featuring incumbent Darrel Woo and challenger Maria Haro-Sullivan. Also, the Pocket News has teamed up with NextDoor Pocket to provide the public the opportunity to witness a debate between the two school board candidates.

Set to begin at 3 p.m. at the gymnasium at Genevieve Didion School on Sunday, Oct. 5, the debate will be moderated by California State University, Sacramento debate team coach Jared Anderson. Following introductions, the debate will start with a question will be asked to candidate one (which will be determined by a coin toss). That candidate will have four minutes to answer. Then, candidate two has two minutes to cross examine candidate one, after which time candidate two has four minutes to answer that same question. That format repeats but candidates take turns answering the question first. There will be time for six questions. The debate will last approximately one hour.

Sincerely, Monica Stark


Darrel Woo has been putting our kids and community first for over 38 years. He has served as a teacher, school board member, public official and community volunteer. For 10 years Darrel taught law classes at Lincoln Law School where he helped students develop critical thinking skills and obtain degrees in higher education. He continues to mentor and tutor many students in Sacramento and has founded a scholarship fund to help those with financial needs.
Darrel is also a parent a longtime community volunteer. He co-founded one of the region’s largest and most successful nonprofit organizations committed to helping women and children who are victims of domestic violence and abuse. Elected to the school board in 2010, Darrel drew on his extensive education and community experience to lead the district out of the worst fiscal crisis in three generations. Under Darrel’s leadership the district balanced its budget, increased graduation rates, improved student achievement, and modernized classrooms with the latest technology.
Darrel has a bachelor’s degree from UC Berkeley and a Law Degree from Lincoln Law School. He is married and has lived in the Pocket area for over 44 years. Both Darrel and his daughter Alyson are graduates of Kennedy High School.
Darrel graduated from UC Berkeley and later obtained a Law Degree from Lincoln Law School. He is passionate about teaching and education because his parents instilled in him the importance of giving back to others. He chose to teach classes at Lincoln because he wanted to help others learn important material that would help them advance in their careers. He chose to serve on the school board because he wanted to utilize his teaching and governance experience to make sure kids in Sacramento are getting the best education.

Maria Haro-Sullivan has a bachelor’s degree in Economics and a minor in Environmental Studies. She is a mother of two children current enrolled in the Sacramento City Unified School District. Maria’s involvement with Sacramento City Unified School District began as a parent volunteer at Genevieve Didion. She quickly realized students were not receiving basic services “due to bureaucratic red tape” and found herself advocating for parents and children before the district’s central staff and the school board.
Over the years, Maria has navigated the district’s bureaucracy to solve problems such as securing math books for local classrooms, securing long overdue upgrades to classroom computers, improving deficient lighting in classrooms. In addition, she has participated in the development of Bully Prevention Board Policy as well as the creation of parent training to understand school site and district budget. She developed DAC’s Budget Advisory Committee (parent committee) and site council training. Through her advocacy, district financial reports are on the website and updated each month.


Maria Haro-Sullivan: I am running for School Board because we need a board member who is in touch with our students, parents and teachers who know how to advocate for them.
As a board member, will continue to work with students, parents, and our community to:
1. Continue to demand fiscal responsibility
2. Put more resources in the classroom
3. Ensure all stake holders have a voice by creating an environment for authentic dialogue

Darrel Woo: Four years ago I ran because I wanted to utilize my 30-plus years of experience to make sure our kids are getting the best education. I am running for re-election for the same reasons. The difference is that now I am bringing four years of experience to the job. It takes time to learn how to be the most effective board member and developing these skills only comes through actual experience on the board. The knowledge I’ve obtained in the past four years about the inner workings of the district and how to be an effective board member will help me do even more to help kids in my second term.
My priorities as a board member are to do the things we must do to make sure kids in SCUSD schools are getting the best education. Based on my experience on the board, those things are:
Promote high quality programs that will attract students to SCUSD and boost enrollment numbers. This is important because it helps the district generate more revenue which will result in more resources for the classroom.
Engage the community in decision-making and develop solid partnerships. The new Local Control Funding Formula will help SCUSD obtain more state funding. However, we must meet all the requirements and a key requirement is community engagement. I will draw on my 38-plus years of experience in reaching out and engaging the Sacramento community to help SCUSD meet this requirement and obtain the most state funding for our district.
Provide teachers with the training and tools they need to be successful in the classroom. New Common Core Standards require students to learn analytical and critical thinking skills. I will draw on my nine-plus years of experience in teaching critical thinking courses to make sure that the district’s training materials for teachers are adequate in helping them be effective teachers for our students.

Darrel Woo: The term “school reform movement” means different things to different people. Teachers unions label “school reform” as the privatization and corporatization of our school system. Many civil rights activists view it as a solution for addressing dropout and failure rates among predominately low income and minority students. My view is that the school reform movement arose out of the frustration of parents who don’t believe the public school system is adequately serving their children. Locally, the issue has been even more polarizing because the Mayor’s wife is a national leader of the school reform movement.
I believe we shouldn’t be so concerned with labels. We should all be working together to make decisions that are in the best interest of children. We should also be doing everything we can to ensure that public schools are addressing the concerns of parents. We need to remove the bias we have toward both school reformers and teachers unions. Instead, we should all be coming together to make evidence-based decisions that solve the problems our schools face. This should be the goal of both school reformers and teachers unions, to help the kids succeed.

Maria Haro-Sullivan: Unfortunately, some people have approached the development of charters as a business, and in effect, turning public schools into a privatized educational system financed by taxpayers. Independent charters cause a drain precious resources from public schools accepting only the highest achievers leaving those students with highest need to public school.


Maria Haro-Sullivan: The primary issue facing the schools in the Pocket/Greenhaven is the inequity of funding. The inequity of funding began by the previous superintendent (with board approval) to change the eligibility requirement for Title 1 allocation from 25 to 50 percent based on students who qualify for free and reduced lunch. There are approximately 54 percent children attending Pocket/Greenhaven schools that qualify for free and reduced lunch. Under the federal minimum standard for eligibility 90 percent of our schools should receive Title 1 funding. Under SCUSD current eligibility level only 60 percent of our schools receive Title 1 funds. Due to the higher qualification level this causes a financial strain on those schools who do not qualify for Title 1 under current SCUSD eligibility. School who do not receive Title 1 money are forced to find outside sources (fundraising) to make up the difference from the money received from the district.
This issue is compounded district wide. There are sites who receive too much money they cannot possible spend it all in one year leaving millions of unspent monies at the end of the school year. Many schools in Pocket/Greenhaven area end the school year with negative account balance.

Darrel Woo: The biggest issue facing Pocket-Area schools arise out of the Local Control Funding Formula (“LCFF”) and the allocation of those funds via the Local Accountability and Accountability Plans (“LCAP”).  The LCAP is a three year rolling spending plan addressing the additional funds provided the LCFF.  However, while the Sacramento City Unified School District is 75 percent free and reduced lunch, and many many English Language Learners, there are not many who fit that category within the Pocket/Greenhaven SCUSD, Trustee Area 6.  Thus, while some funding might be available for students falling within the three categories, not much of that money stays within the Pocket/Greenhaven area.  Therefore, parents and community will still be relied upon to provide additional funding for students in Pocket/Greenhaven.


Maria Haro-Sullivan: The closure of seven schools will have a financial impact on Pocket/Greenhaven schools. The closure of the school will actually cost the district far more money than the initial projected saving was an estimated $1 million a year. According to SCUSD year end financials the maintenance cost of the 7 schools closed schools is over $600,000 a year. The $600,000 does not include the additional costs of the staff that were reassigned to different SCUSD schools. Plus the additional of logistical cost such as cost of buses, moving portables, installation of bathroom etc. These costs exceed the districts estimate savings. These costs are offset by funding that should be used to help students in Pocket/Greenhaven area.

Darrel Woo: This round, none of the seven schools that were closed were within the Pocket/Greenhaven area.  However, school closures affect every area as other areas absorb the children from the closed schools.  That said, three Greenhaven schools were previously closed and today serve the community; two as independent charters and one as a dependent, Waldorf Inspired Charter.  I am fighting to have those closed schools serve as community centers and not blights on their neighborhoods.


Darrel Woo: I look forward to earning another four years in office so that I can continue my work to help students be successful in their education and careers. I enjoy the work I’m doing and am excited about continuing to serve the kids. Nothing is more fulfilling to me than knowing the work I put into the board is resulting in a brighter future for our children.

Maria Haro-Sullivan: Budget transparency and accountability have been a top priority. I’ve collaborating with a core group of parents focused on analyzing the district’s budget; we helped expose millions of dollars spent on unnecessary contracts to outside vendors. The media’s attention to this issue forced the school board to cut millions in wasteful spending. We also helped expose how the district ends every year with millions of dollars in unspent funding at school site level. The mismanagement of school funding is a major concern to because schools in the Pocket area are continuously denied funding for basic items, forcing parents to pay for materials that should be covered by the district.

Pocket author Kathey Norton releases new rock-and-roll novel

Set in the early 1960s to late 1980s, “What Becomes a Legend Most,” a new book by Pocket resident, Kathey Norton, follows the story of Cassie Hamilton, a singer and rock musician. The book details her past as a sexually abused child, her time spent on the road with a British heavy metal band, bad relationships, her struggle to overcome drug and alcohol problems, her fight against sexism and the attitude during that time period that female musicians could not compete with male rock musicians, and her rise to the top and all the positive and negative aspects of fame. This book is for anyone who loves music and enjoys reading about the lives of musicians.

Intrigued by the lives of musicians and having always wanted to be one herself, Kathey said writing the book was her opportunity to live out a little fantasy of what it would have been like to have been a woman fronting a rock band in the 1970s and ’80s when women were still not respected as musicians, or taken seriously by their male musician counterparts or the music industry in general. In an interview with the Pocket News, Kathey discussed more about the impetus for writing the book: “I’m fascinated by the lives of musicians and the fact that some of them don’t have any boundaries or set limits for themselves when it comes to living life. It has always amazed me that they can venture out to the very outer edge of what society considers the norm and have these incredible experiences that most of us can’t even imagine, and if they live to tell the tale, all the better.”

Kathey said the inspiration behind the book came about after listening to Lou Reed’s song called “What Becomes a Legend Most.” “I started thinking about that song and it translated in my mind to a woman who had ambitions of her own, but she lost them along the way and now just feels very used up by the male musicians who pass in and out of her life.”

Listening to a lot of music when she writes, Kathey actually sees everything like a movie in her head. She said she knows exactly what music she would have in each scene and how she would shoot the scene. She said she knew how to write plays in the 80s, but didn’t know how to write screenplays so she wrote novels instead, always thinking she would eventually learn how to write screenplays and direct the films for her own books. She said she would still like to do that and learn how to score the music for the films, too. She’s adapted screenplays for about three of her novels.

“I’d love to get this book to director Cameron Crowe. I’ve even written a screenplay that is a sequel to the original ‘Dirty Harry’ film, but so far I haven’t had any luck getting it to Clint Eastwood. I’m such a fan of that series and really wanted to write one last movie to tie up that entire series. If he could just read my screenplay. It would be awesome!”

“What Becomes a Legend Most” is Kathey’s first book to be published, but the fourth novel she said she has completed. “I hope to get the other novels published, too. It’s a very writer thing to say and it almost makes me cringe to say it, but I feel like I owe it to all my characters to have their voices heard and their stories out there. They spent many, many years in my head and kept me company on many lonely nights, so I think it’s my responsibility to give them an opportunity for others to either love or hate them. They’re all very flawed in one way or another, but I love putting characters into conflict and seeing how they respond to that.”

The book’s now availability is a long time coming for Kathey who wrote the draft in 1989, but unfortunately due to her mother’s declining health, her writing took a back seat. Her mother was diagnosed with Alzheimer’s when the budding writer was in her early 20s, just as she started getting poetry and articles published – a time when she could write a novel every three to six months. “When (Mom) got sick, it changed everything, and as her primary caregiver, I had to juggle working full time, taking a full-course load at college, and caring for her, so the things that fell by the wayside were my ambitions to be a writer and desire to improve my music skills enough to start my own band.”

But fast forward, in 2010, Kathey decided to dust off all her old manuscripts and take a fresh look at her body of work and start trying to reawaken the writer in her that was apparently in some type of coma during all those years caring for her mother.

Kathey grew up in Downtown and also lived all over Midtown, when there were only a few restaurants there and not the scene that’s there now. She lived across from New Roma Bakery and Washington Elementary.

Reminiscing her childhood, Kathey said: “In the early ’70s, the Sacramento City Unified School District decided to bus poor and minority kids to Caroline Wenzel (Elementary). So, being a poor kid paid off for me because I was given the opportunity to attend a wonderful elementary school. The bus ride every morning into the Pocket area was cool because there were a lot of open fields, but for all of the new houses that were being built, it seemed like they all had swimming pools. It was a different reality than I was used to, but I loved the school and had great opportunities there.
“I remember that Mr. Bone was the principal and he was so kind to my mother and me. When I broke my thigh during first grade, he made sure the school provided a private tutor to me. My mother couldn’t afford to do that, but he made that happen and I am very nostalgic about Caroline Wenzel. I also attended Theodore Judah Elementary, Sutter Middle School, and Sacramento High, where I was so shy I couldn’t look anyone in the eyes, and I went on to earn a bachelor’s of arts in communication studies and a master’s in government from CSUS (California State University, Sacramento).”

Kathey now works for the State of California as a manager in the policy division and used to be a marketing director for a private law firm and loved it. She was laid off at the end of 2007, and she said that made her realize that she needed to find employment with more job security.

“I’m very lucky to work with very dedicated people and who allow me to be the crazy writer, aspiring musician chick. I sleep only two hours a night, so I can fit in all my creative interests around my work schedule.”

Kathey has an aunt and some cousins in Sacramento, but “that’s it,” she said when asked if she has family in the area. “Both of my parents and one of my older brothers passed away. I have another older brother who lives in Oklahoma, and he sounds like he’s from Oklahoma now even though he grew up in Sacramento, too.”

Kathey is a strict vegetarian and is active in animal rights issues and politics. “I really care about the Pocket area and I have a friend who calls me the ‘Pocket Area Activist.’ I’ve toyed with the idea of running for District 7 City Council one day. “Councilmember Fong has been so nice and patient in putting up with all of my complaints and issues over the years. I want to thank him for that. Rick Jennings doesn’t know what he’s in for with me.”

Kathey really loves this area and enjoys walking around the neighborhoods. When she first moved to the Pocket, it felt like the country to her after having grown up downtown. “I have learned to appreciate the peace and quite, and I enjoy petting all the dogs in the neighborhood. I may not remember your name, but I’ll definitely remember your dog’s name. I really love the idea of We have a very active group here in the Pocket and we don’t always agree on everything, but it’s great that we discuss issues that affect our community. I’m also taking voice lessons and guitar lessons with the idea that I’m still going to start that band that I never got to start. So I apologize in advance to my neighbors who will have to listen to my garage band one day very soon. I refuse to let that dream die. It’s just something I have to do before I leave this Earth.”

Retirement celebration held for the Rev. Dan Madigan

The Rev. Dan Madigan spent the last 25 years of his 50 years as a priest with the St. Joseph Parish of Clarksburg. Photo by Lance Armstrong

The Rev. Dan Madigan spent the last 25 years of his 50 years as a priest with the St. Joseph Parish of Clarksburg. Photo by Lance Armstrong

Editor’s Note: This is part one of a two-part series about the Rev. Dan Madigan.

In celebration of the Rev. Dan Madigan, who is retiring after dedicating nearly a half-century of his life to the Roman Catholic Diocese of Sacramento, a special event was recently held in the Sacramento Delta town of Clarksburg at St. Joseph Church – a place of worship both historically and presently connected with the Pocket area.
The gathering, which included a hosted buffet, some words by Madigan and the singing of various songs, including “Danny Boy,” was held on Sunday, June 29, following the day’s Mass.
In addition to speaking to attendees of the event, Madigan dedicated time to being interviewed for this article.
And in presenting a summary of his life, Madigan began by saying that he was born near the village of Shanagolden in Limerick County, Ireland on March 9, 1938.
Madigan added that he grew up in a family, which included his father, Patrick, his mother, Eileen, and his siblings, Bridie, Kathleen, John, Maurice, Michael, Patrick and Mai.
Madigan also had a sister named Eileen, who died of meningitis shortly before her fifth birthday.
In regard to his upbringing, Madigan noted that he enjoyed his childhood.
“My childhood was great,” Madigan said. “It was in a rural area, a farm, a little village. Everybody was happy. We didn’t have an awful lot. Neither had anybody else, but we didn’t feel we were poor in any way. We grew our own little crops and raised our own meat and so forth. We lived a happy life.”
Among Madigan’s fondest memories of his youth was rabbit hunting with his black Labrador, Brutus. Madigan has also enjoyed hunting during his adult life with Monsignor Jim Church and his father, who was also named Jim Church.
And when it came to the topic of religion during his youth, Madigan noted that about 95 percent of the people in Ireland at that time were Catholic and nearly everyone in his hometown attended Mass.
The pastor in Shanagolden during that era was the Rev. James O’Byrne.
As part of the Madigan family’s dedication to their faith, they got on their knees each night to pray the rosary.
While growing up in a Catholic environment, Madigan decided at a very young age that he wanted to become a Catholic priest.
Madigan spoke about his early desire to take on such a religious role, saying, “It was there from grade school on, I’d say. I didn’t hear any voices calling or anything like that, but I always felt it was the right thing to do. It would be an opportunity to help people and I thought that would be a great vocation in life.”
And Madigan added that he also felt a desire to assist others as a priest in America.
“I was very, very clear that I wanted to come to the United States, because I always had tremendous respect for the United States,” Madigan said. “When we were little children, the United States was always presented to us very, very well. We studied that in school – the United States. We certainly knew all about Lady Liberty and we knew what was written on the statue.”

The Rev. Dan Madigan is pictured at center with his mother, father and siblings on the day of his ordination on June 7, 1964. Photo courtesy of the Rev. Dan Madigan

The Rev. Dan Madigan is pictured at center with his mother, father and siblings on the day of his ordination on June 7, 1964. Photo courtesy of the Rev. Dan Madigan

In 1952, Madigan began studying at St. Munchin’s College in Corbally, Limerick County. And he began his studies in the seminary at St. Kieran’s College in the Irish city of Kilkenny four years later.
On June 7, 1964, Madigan was ordained a priest at St. Mary’s Cathedral in Kilkenny.
After serving as a priest in Limerick County, Madigan fulfilled his dream of coming to the United States.
Having made arrangements to serve the Diocese of Sacramento, Madigan arrived in Sacramento in March 1966 and became the assistant pastor of Our Lady of Lourdes Parish.
In speaking about his six years with that parish, Madigan said, “Our Lady of Lourdes in Del Paso Heights, we covered Rio Linda and Del Paso Heights. I felt quite challenged there, because people were in need and they were coming to the church a lot.”
Madigan said that while he was serving people in the Our Lady of Lourdes Parish, he had an experience that amazed him regarding a particular Sacramento area parish.
“I was at that point (of being) strung out, because I had used all of my volunteers,” Madigan recalled. “I said, ‘Where would I get more volunteers?’ Somebody said, ‘Well, go over to St. Ignatius on Arden Way.’ And I said, ‘Like heck the people of St. Ignatius are going to come down into Del Paso Heights and start feeding people.’ I had big reservations about going over there, (but) I went over there and made an appeal. And (God) opened my eyes. I saw something. There were people coming into Del Paso Heights, driving up in BMWs, Mercedes and so forth, getting out of there, coming in and washing old, dirty pots and everything. And you know what? Everyone was taking care of their own home. But it just showed the inner goodness of people and it was something very nice to see.”

El Milagro Ballet Folklorico performed at Elks parking lot: Next stop, the state fair

As the heat on Saturday warmed the valley, dancers from the local troupe, El Milagro Ballet Folklorico, kept cool washing cars at the Elks Lodge, No. 6 parking lot. In an effort to raise funds for new costumes, the dancers took to the hose and soapy wash buckets and scrubbed away. Four of the girls took a break from washing cars to entertain customers with a bit of dancing.

Meaning “miracle,” the “Milagro” part of the troupe’s name stems from the fact that the group’s founders Hilda Ramirez and her sister, Lupe, didn’t think the group was going to survive for very long. But as Hilda said in an interview with the Pocket News, “we started going to different churches and dancing at different events and people just started calling. It’s amazing.”

Hilda and Lupe each have three sons who, three years ago, were the first members of the dance troupe. “Then we got the girls from the church and that’s how we started out. And people would just come. They would want to join, but for many of them, it was too expensive.”

Just the cost of getting started is about $250, about $100 of which goes toward the cost of shoes – the rest pays for the material to make the costumes, which Hilda and her sister do by hand.

“My mom sewed our dresses as well. So I would just watch her. One day I was just messing with the machine and I just started sewing and I made a skirt out of nothing, out of scratch. The more you do the more you learn,” she said.
Saturday’s fundraiser was the first in two years, the first being a successful tamale sale. The third will be a performance on Aug. 9 at the Meadowview Pannell Community Center from 3 to 7 p.m.

Asked what her favorite thing about dancing is, Alejandra Perez, 13, chuckled and said, “I don’t know. There’s a lot of things. The fact we get free entrance to the fair – that’s awesome. I just enjoy dancing. I like it. It’s one of my hobbies.” Her favorite dance? “’Santa Rita.’ It’s really fast, but you don’t get tired. You actually just enjoy it,” Alejandra said.

Gearing up for performances at the state fair, El Milagro will perform dances, including (but not limited to): “The Danza de los Viejitos” (dance of the old men), a traditional dance in Michoacán where the dancers wear masks of elderly people; and Pajarito, a dance in which girls dress flutter across the stage as little birds.

Isaac Ramirez, 14, said he enjoys performing in front of crowds “because you get encouraged to do more stuff. I would like to be a better dancer. I do a little bit of hip hop. I am excited about the fair.” Told that he may, in fact, share a stage with famous celebrities, depending on if the group gets to perform on the “Golden Stage,” Isaac said: “That’s pretty cool.”

A Pocket resident’s ambition to reveal the truth about her great-grandfather

Shot and killed by a hot-headed gambler in the red-light district of Manhattan, Nevada on April 7, 1906, the reputation of Pocket resident, Jackie Boor’s great-grandfather, Tom Logan, then-sheriff of Nye County began to falter.

“One night,” wrote the Tonopah Daily Sun in, April 1906, “(Wyatt) Earp became drunk and his wife came into the place to which he was drinking, and tried to get him to go home. The man slapped her face by way of reply, and the act roused the ire of a young miner who was also drinking…

“A fierce altercation followed and Earp rushed out of the place to his own saloon down the street … and came back with two big six shooters swinging in his hands and breathing blood and sudden death for the man who had defied him.

“Sheriff Logan was called to the scene, pushed his way to the center of the fray, caught Earp by the arm and without raising his voice, talked Earp into giving up his guns…The man did not know what fear was, and he always tried to stop trouble by peaceful means, although there was no better hand with a gun in this country than he.”

Sheriff Tom Logan is the subject of a new narrative non fiction book, by his great granddaughter titled: “LOGAN: The Honorable Life and Scandalous Death of a Western Lawman.”

Raised in northern California, Boor was unfamiliar with any of the narratives surrounding the death of his great-grandfather until she attended her first Logan family reunion in Belmont, Nevada. The then-33-year-old writer was anxious to learn more.

“When I knew then about our history wouldn’t fill the back of a postcard,” Boor says today. “About 30 aunts, uncles and cousins, many of whom were meeting for the first time, set up camp within the gritty folds of the high desert ghost town of Belmont, about 50 miles northeast of Tonopah, the Nye County seat.

“Some were in motor homes, others in travel trailers, and a few, like me, my mother, and 2-year-old son, roughed it in tents. An uncle constructed a makeshift outhouse and gravity shower. The weather was scorching hot but breezy; meals were potluck classics, the music country, the yarns enthralling and the favorite watering hole, Dirty Dick’s Saloon stayed open late. Also invited to the reunion was the nephew of my great-grandfather’s killer, who added his version of what happened that blood-soaked morning at the Jewel–making it impossible for me to know what to believe.”

Was Logan ambushed when escorting a prisoner to jail or struck by an errant bullet when a gunfight broke out? Could he have been shot in the back by a highwayman who had wrestled away his gun? Or was it that he had been summoned to the aid of a woman to fend off a disorderly gambler with a short fuse and a fully-loaded pistol?

Hearing a number of possible scenarios under which family members thought Logan had been killed, Boor was driven by an indescribable longing to know more about her roots and the context of the lives that contributed to her being.

“Never did I imagine all I would find and the profound impact of those discoveries on me, other Logan descendants and Nevada history,” Boor says.

Organized in chronological order, the narrative follows the untold story of Logan whose legacy has finally come to fruition after nearly 30 years of Boor’s research into the late sheriff’s death. Highly praised by Nevada historians such as Guy Rocha and Michael Fischer, Boor’s book includes findings from museum archives, testimonials, and close to 100 photographs.

In an interview with the Pocket News, Boor said the most revealing piece of research she found was by chance when at the reunion in 1985 she stopped by the local museum and waiting for her at the counter was a transcript of the coroner’s inquest.

“The man who left it was one of the founders of the museum. He found it in the county dump in last 50s when he was target shooting. As a teenager, he thought that was intriguing, and 30 years later, he shared a copy with me. It was the first time anyone in our family was able to get first-hand accounts of how (Logan) was killed. That transcript was very revealing and went against what we were told – that it was a self defense (shooting).”

But because those “first-hand accounts” were detailed from ladies of the “red-light district” they weren’t taken seriously. Moreover, it didn’t help that the shooter had an extremely eloquent attorney the prosecution couldn’t respond to.

This finding furthered Boor’s drive to tell a dramatic story, but most importantly to learn the truth about her great-grandfather, which she encourages everyone to do.

“It’s important to encourage families to gather research on their ancestors. We all enjoy where we came from. Sometimes it’s something we’re proud of, other times it’s just good information. It’s good to look back and see where you’ve came from,” she said.

WHAT: Meet the author
WHEN: Wednesday, June 25 from 6:30 to 7:45 p.m.
WHERE: Robbie Waters Pocket-Greenhaven Library, 7335 Gloria Dr., Sacramento.

Political forum recap: Pocket area youth set the stage for a two-hour political forum at John F. Kennedy High School on Monday, April 28

Shown here, and on the cover of this issue of the Pocket News, are photos from the political forum for City Council candidates, District 7 and California, Assembly, District 9 held at John F. Kennedy High School on Monday, April 28. Photos by Stephen Crowley

Shown here, and on the cover of this issue of the Pocket News, are photos from the political forum for City Council candidates, District 7 and California, Assembly, District 9 held at John F. Kennedy High School on Monday, April 28. Photos by Stephen Crowley

Editor’s Note: The Pocket News thanks everyone who came out to the political forum on Monday, April 28 at John F. Kennedy High School. Special thanks to the candidates themselves, including – Julius Cherry, Rick Jennings, and Abe Snobar for City Council District 7; Jim Cooper, Darrell Fong, Tim Gorsulowsky, Manuel Martin, and Diana Rodriguez-Suruki – as well as to Matias Bombal, master of ceremonies, for his amazing stage presence; Sacramento State University Professor of Communications Jared Anderson for moderating; NextDoor Pocket moderator Kathi Windheim for promotions; NextDoor volunteer Jimi Hardy; the League of Women Voters for offering voter registration; Access Sacramento for moderating; Angela Wood for being the official timer; the John F. Kennedy High School band for its performance of the Star Spangled Banner, and Boy Scouts Troop no. 259 for the flag salute. Due to space constraints, this issue will focus on answers from the city council candidates and the next issue of the paper, we will focus on answers from the Assembly candidates.

From the John F. Kennedy High School band performance of “The Star Spangled Banner” to Boy Scout Troop, no. 259’s flag salute and questions to the candidates, Pocket area youth help set the stage for a two-hour political forum at the school on the evening of Monday, April 28.

Anderson and Bombal, a Pocket resident, kept the candidates for City Council, District 7, California, Assembly, District 9 and the audience engaged and on topic on the following issues:

PUBLIC ACCESS ON THE SACRAMENTO RIVER PARKWAY: Each of the City Council District 7 candidates expressed strong support for the Sacramento River Parkway.

Jennings said he met with neighbors who live next to the river. “Their concern is about public safety. I am a believer the river front should be available, but I also want to make sure homeowners we have a plan in place for safety. I am definitely in favor of the parkway. I think it reduces carbon footprint,” he said.

While noting Jennings’ opinion is not much different than his own, Cherry added that there have not been any additional crimes reported on the east end of Garcia Bend where more of the levee is open to the public.

Snobar said the completion the parkway would enhance the community’s culture.

Snobar and Cherry are against the strong mayor proposal, while Jennings is for it. Snobar said he is fundamentally against it because he feels the system in place currently works, plus he questioned the fine details of Mayor Johnson’s proposal. Cherry said he’s against it because “we voted on this issue a couple of years ago.” Jennings, however, said he thinks the proposal is “balanced and sound,” acknowledging support from Pro Tem Darrell Steinberg. Included in his statement, Jennings said, “As the city grows, the form of government ought to as well. Let’s look at what’s best. I am confident when the voters vote, they will tell us what they want. I can work in either form of government.”

An 18 year old asked the candidates – “What are you going to do for us?” – and questioned the lack of jobs out there. Jennings and Snobar described resources that are currently available. Jennings referenced his position as Chief Executive Officer of the Center for Fathers and Families, a non-profit organization dedicated to strengthening families. He offered his business card and said: “Somebody helped me when I was young. I can count names in the audience if you personally need help.”

Snobar added how there are resources out there, including the job corps and he said as an educator he knows college isn’t for everybody. He advocated for the funding of woodshop and autoshop classes.

Safety was of utter importance to Cherry who mentioned the series of killings a month ago. “I heard absolute nothing (from local politicians). I would be out on the street. We need to come together. It’s not just a problem for police. One thing we need to do is to keep you safe,” he said.

Access Sacramento’s filming of the event is currently in post-production, which takes between two to three weeks, after which time, it will be cablecast multiple times on Comcast SureWest Channel 17 and ATT&T Channel 99 and also on their website,

Meet the candidates: Political forum at John F. Kennedy High School set for Monday, April 28

Candidates for Sacramento City Council District 7 and California Assembly District 9 have confirmed their presence at the political forum at John F. Kennedy High School, which is set for Monday, April 28 from 6:30 to 8:30 p.m. in the large, 465-seat, state-of-the-art theater. Moderated by Sacramento City College communications instructor Jared Anderson, and hosted by the Pocket News, Nextdoor Greenhaven, JFK High School, and Access Sacramento, the event is an informational, community building political forum. It is not a debate.

Students at Kennedy and City College have been invited to attend and ask questions – some instructors are offering students extra credit for attending, and volunteers from the League of Women Voters will have a table for voter registration. Candidates will be given two minutes to provide a biography before questions are asked. City council candidates will go first at 6:30 p.m. and assembly candidates will go second. We will also do a plug for Measure B.

If you have any questions you’d like me to save for the forum, email them to me at What follows is some information on Measure B and biographies along with top issues our candidates will be addressing at the forum.

Vote YES on Measure B – For the Libraries

The following measure is approved for the June 3, 2014 ballot. Measure B—Pertaining to a Parcel Tax for Core Library Services:
“Should library services for all City residents including children, teens, adults and seniors, be preserved, including after-school reading programs, homework assistance, library operating hours, 24/7 online access, programs for seniors, and other services, by enacting a new $12 per year single-family residential parcel tax for 12 years, and specified amounts for other uses, adjusted for inflation, that the State cannot take, with independent financial audits to ensure funds are spent only on City of Sacramento libraries?” No argument against was submitted.

The following is taken from “ Measure B augments the existing city parcel tax by just one dollar per month and requires independent yearly audits to protect tax payers. Measure B requires that all funds be spent exclusively for local library services within the City of Sacramento.

Measure B is needed to:
Keep three new libraries operating, provide for the increased demand for online services, ensure that all libraries stay open evenings and weekends so people can actually use our libraries, maintain the library’s after-school homework and reading programs for our school children and story time for preschoolers, provide quality books, library materials, and free children’s programs, protect library operating hours and 24/7 online access to library resources, preserve library services for seniors and families who are trying to improve their lives, allow people who don’t have computers at home access to the internet, continue to make quality library materials, programs, and services available at all libraries.

City Council District 7 candidates

Julius Cherry
Julius Cherry retired from the Sacramento Fire Department at the rank of Fire Chief in 2007 after more than 30 years of service. Prior to becoming Chief, he held the ranks of firefighter, captain, battalion chief, assistant chief, and Deputy Chief of Support Services. Julius has also been a practicing attorney for 22 years, handling a variety of civil matters. He is the CEO of The Cherry Consulting Group, which provides advisory services to fire protection organizations.

Julius chairs the Community Advisory Board for Dignity Health (formerly Catholic Healthcare West). He is past chair and current board member of Goodwill Industries of Sacramento Valley and Northern California. In 2011, he chaired the Sacramento Redistricting Citizens Advisory Committee, charged with advising the city government on reshaping the eight council districts after the 2010 census. From 1994 to 2001, Julius served and chaired the Sacramento County Project Planning Commission, assisting the commission in making entitlement decisions. He is a past board member of the Sacramento County Fair Board as a governor appointee.

A veteran of the United States Air Force, Julius attended night school to earn a Juris Doctorate from the University of the Pacific, McGeorge School of Law and a bachelor of science in public administration from California State University, Sacramento. Julius is married with three daughters, one son, and four grandchildren.

Rick Jennings
Why I’m running for City Council? I love this district and this city, where I’ve lived and raised my family since 1986. I believe I have the skills, experience and drive to make this district and city the best they can be.

Running for this office is a natural progression of what I’ve done over the last 28 years in this community. In 1996, I was recruited by then-Mayor Joe Serna to run for the Sacramento Unified School Board and to restore the community’s trust in the school district. I was proud to serve our kids for 12 years, focusing on rebuilding our neighborhood schools and improving student achievement.

I have also been the Executive Director of the Center for Fathers and Families, a non-profit organization dedicated to strengthening families and building communities in Sacramento, for nearly 20 years. The Center currently serves over 1,700 young people daily in before and after school programs and 400 adults with parenting classes and other comprehensive services.

Through the years I have volunteered as a coach for youth sports, served on various boards and commissions and been involved with many neighborhood groups. From the relationships I’ve developed, I am proud to be endorsed by neighborhood leaders like Supervisor Jimmie Yee, May O. Lee, Kathi Windheim, Shane Singh, Lee Dumas, Willie Caston, Didion Elementary School Principal Norm Policar, and the Sacramento Police Officers Association.

It is my commitment to this community and its continued prosperity that has always been my impetus to be involved and I can think of no better manifestation of my experience than to serve on the City Council.

My Priorities in Office: A Strong Economy & Strong Neighborhoods

The City needs to improve its service delivery. From 2007 to 2012, the City cut staff, reduced services, and laid off Police Officers to deal with continued budget deficits. This has hurt our neighborhoods.

As our economy recovers and more resources are available, we must restore city services to their pre-2007 levels and ensure that revenues generated from Downtown revitalization are returned for neighborhood services.

Specifically I will:
Promote public safety by fully staffing police, increasing neighborhood patrols, and supporting and re-establishing initiatives like Cops and Clergy and the Gang Task Force;
Expand neighborhood watch programs and make sure every neighborhood has the support it needs to keep our streets safe;
Encourage small business expansion and job creation by creating local business incubators and ensuring that Delta Shores is built responsibly with jobs for our community and opportunities for small businesses;
Partner with schools and libraries to expand community programs through grants, partnerships and private sector fundraising to provide new opportunities for youth and seniors.

Abe Snobar
I have been a longtime resident of Sacramento and spent all of my formative years being raised in, and by, District 7. As a youth I attended Sam Brannan Middle School in the Pocket Area and later graduated from Valley High School in the Valley Hi area. From Valley High, I went on to earn my bachelor’s degree in kinesiology from California State University, Sacramento. In short, I truly am a “Sacramentan.”

I spent my early professional career as a Special Education teacher and a high school and college football coach. As an employee of the Elk Grove Unified School District for 14 years, I was involved with the district’s success in raising the API scores from the mid-500s to 744, where they sit currently. My passion for teaching is paralleled with my passion for leading. Today, I am part of the Delta Ducks Minor League football team as an assistant coach, a voice in the Entertainment Sports Complex, and I am a member of the Sacramento Metro Chamber as a small business entrepreneur.

My passion for leading, listening, and learning comes second only to raising my two lovely daughters, Sophie and Ella. Vote for Abe.

CA Assembly District 9 candidates

Jim Cooper
Jim Cooper has served his community for more than 29 years – as a highly decorated law enforcement officer, a mayor, a city councilmember, and volunteer working with at-risk youth.

Cooper is currently a captain in the Sacramento County Sheriff’s Department, where he commands the Court Security Division. As a former commander of the Sacramento Valley High Tech Crimes Task Force, focusing on apprehension of child predators and identity thieves, he oversaw dramatic increases in prosecution and arrests of child predators.

His law enforcement career includes nine years working undercover to fight gang violence and drug trafficking. He has earned numerous awards, including the Bronze Star Bravery for heroic actions during the 1991 “Good Guys” hostage crisis. He also served two years as the Sheriff’s Department’s spokesperson.

Cooper is a lifetime member of the California Narcotics Officers Association and is well-regarded for his youth drug prevention teaching curriculum, to teach students about the dangers of narcotics and educate parents about the warning signs of drug use. He has also taught Criminal Justice at local community colleges and universities.

Cooper has spent the past 13 years serving the people of Elk Grove, as the city’s first mayor, with a total of two terms as mayor and four terms on the city council.

As the city’s first mayor, Cooper helped establish the governing values of fiscal responsibility, transparency, accessibility and regional partnership that the city still tries to live by. The fiscal foundation laid by his administration as mayor was critical to achieving 10 consecutive balanced budgets, building a healthy reserve, and avoiding the police layoffs that have plagued neighboring communities.

Cooper also worked to make Elk Grove one of the region’s greenest cities, and has prioritized balancing growth and preserving the community’s quality of life by tackling issues like traffic, housing, and job creation.

At the same time, he was critical in setting up the city’s first gang/narcotics unit and a local 9-11 Communications Center, and put more police officers on the street.

Cooper has had a lifelong passion for community service and young people, and has served on the boards of the Boys & Girls Club, Big Brothers & Big Sisters, WIND Youth Services, and the Sacramento Children’s Receiving Home.

Cooper grew up in Sacramento, is a graduate of the West Point Leadership Academy and FBI National Academy and earned a Master’s degree in Organizational Leadership from St. Mary’s College.

Darrell Fong
Darrell Fong was born and raised in Sacramento, California and has lived in the Pocket Greenhaven area for nearly 30 years. Darrell attended C.K. McClatchy High School, Sacramento City College, and Sacramento State University.

Darrell was elected to the Sacramento City Council, representing the 7th District, in 2010. Darrell has been a vocal advocate on finding a comprehensive statewide water policy and opposing the delta tunnels, creating jobs through economic development, and keeping neighborhoods safe in the City of Sacramento. Darrell started a community discussion to begin connecting the Sacramento River Parkway to the 119-mile American River Parkway. A strong supporter of working families, Darrell has provided representation to previously underserved communities in the district, providing after-school sports programs for kids.

Darrell, retired in 2009 from the Sacramento Police Department. Where he worked his way up the ranks, retiring as a captain. Darrell held various positions in the police department including, gang detective, patrol sergeant, narcotics and vice sergeant, Internal Affairs sergeant, lieutenant, Watch Commander, Metro Executive Lieutenant, Special Ops lieutenant (K-9, SWAT, EOD). As captain, Darrell served as Captain of the Special Investigations Detail, which includes the gang and narcotics units.

Darrell’s focus on alternative policing methods with kids began while he was supervising the School Resources Officers that provide security for the Sacramento City Unified School District (SCUSD) and Natomas School District. He noticed that if kids were given alternatives options and positive direction, they performed better in school and stayed out of trouble. Darrell was the first officer from the Sacramento Police Department to attend and graduate from the Los Angeles Police Department West Point Leadership Program. Darrell has been recognized with resolutions from the California State Senate and Assembly for his work on investigating and suppressing Asian gangs in Sacramento.

A firm believer in community engagement leading to positive outcomes, Darrell has worked to organize monthly community food truck events, which have engaged thousands of constituents. An advocate for Sacramento’s food culture, he worked with members of the Sacramento food community to proclaim Sacramento America’s Farm to Fork Capital.

In addition to his distinguished service to the community as a Council Member and police captain, Darrell has spent innumerable personal house supporting organizations including the Council of Asian Pacific Islanders Together for Advocacy and Leadership (CAPITAL), My Sister’s House Domestic Violence Shelter, Sacramento District Attorney Citizen Academy, and the Organization of Chinese Americans.

Darrell is married to his wife Joy, who works for the State of California, and has three children that have attended local schools. Darrell’s twin brother, Derrick, is a prominent local restaurateur.
As a candidate for Assembly, I committed myself to expand college opportunity by stopping tuition increases. I committed myself to protecting the Delta and the water supplies farmers in our region need. I remain clear on my commitment to closing tax loopholes that result in misery for those who rely on public services and harsh cuts to the public servants who provide those services.

Tim Gorsulowsky
Tim Gorsulowsky was raised in Shreveport, Louisiana where he learned, and continues to live with, the highest level of moral character. While in Louisiana, Tim graduated with a bachelor’s degree in Business from East Texas Baptist University with continuing education in the MBA program.

In 1987, after graduating from college, Tim moved to California to assist his brother with organizing a new dermatology surgical practice. While in California, the opportunity arose to open a security services company in San Jose. This company started in 1994 ultimately expanded into a 165-employee operation with more than $4 million in annual revenue.

Tim’s philosophy offered in the business sector was to always treat the employees with high regard, while continually giving the client personal attention to detail. It was unusual to maintain an employee and contract base for an extended five to 10 years, but Tim’s philosophy and business technique proved this longevity could actually be accomplished.

Tim moved to the City of Saratoga, California in 1997 until transitioning to the beautiful City of Elk Grove in 2012.

If entrusted with your vote, Tim will provide a sincere effort to address all issues and concerns, regardless of political party, within the district.

He said, “political party agendas are not my concerns, but the issues and needs of the people I represent are my number one priority. It is my duty to handle these matters with a fair and honest approach, and work diligently for the betterment of all citizens within California.”

Tim’s primary goal is to exceed your expectations during the term by increasing the current socio-economic status in California. This will be accomplished by offering a five- and 10-year tax incentive plans to major companies that will successfully promote new business in California. The reduced business tax revenue will be offset by the revenue received from employment taxes.

Education is a major concern in District 9 that must be addressed by the Legislature. Promoting the longevity of our educators will be accomplished with improving the level of compensation. The plan will require a third party auditing of California school district budgets that will focus on reducing unnecessary expenses, then apportion the funds as a designated increase to our educators.

Many Californians have noticed the increase in DMV fee structure over the last few years. The programs offered by DMV should continue to be automated. This process will be promoted under Tim’s plan for the purpose of reducing the fees charged to residents.

Manuel Martin
My name is Manuel Martin and I am running for the 9th State Assembly district because I want Californians to prosper. For too long we have been voting for the same politicians to go to Sacramento. Year after year the people of California feel as though nothing changes. The truth is the difference between California’s 8 percent unemployment rate and North Dakota’s 2.6 percent unemployment rate is not Washington DC, it’s Sacramento.

I decided to run for office because I’m tired of the same old politicians who get elected just to make friends and cozy up to the lobbyists. While the politicians are in Sacramento networking and dining with special interest lobbyists, it’s the people who suffer. The people of the 9th district deserve a hard working representative.

That’s why I pledge to my constituents, when elected I will have monthly town hall meetings to meet as many people as possible. It’s time we elect representatives who actually want to meet the people and find out what the people need. Your representative should be meeting you, not the lobbyists.

Each Assembly representative receives an annual allowance worth about $30,000 on top of their annual salary. Since I live locally, I don’t need the allowance. I am going to use it to help students achieve a quality education by using my allowance for college scholarships. Education is very sacred to me, and I want to help as many kids prosper as possible. Education is the cornerstone of the American way of life; I will fight to preserve equal opportunity to a quality education for all students. That’s why I am offended by SCA-5, a bill presented by the Democrats in the State Senate which would have allowed California universities to deny students admittance based of the color of their skin. My friends, we should never judge someone according to the color of their skin, yet Democrat Senators wanted to legalize discrimination. It’s horrendous to think we have elected representatives who are living in the Jim Crow era and legislating racial discrimination.

I decided to run for office to preserve the American dream that my family immigrated to the United States for. I am a first generation American whose family came here from the Azores Islands. Like many first generation Americans, English was not my first language I was raised speaking Portuguese. I grew up on my grandfather’s dairy farm and started working at the age of 12. I started a jelly company when I was 19 and was in about 15 stores with my product. I shut down the company to go back to school. I earned an A.S. degree in Business Management from Delta College. I was going to further my education with a degree in economics when I got hired by Hewlett Packard.

“Let us not seek the Republican answer or the Democratic answer, but the right answer,” as John F. Kennedy once said. I’m here to be your representative not your politician. Feel free to call me 572-9241, or email

Diana Rodriguez-Suruki
Diana Rodriguez-Suruki has a long record of proven leadership at all levels of government. She has served as a manager for both county and state government. In 2008 she was overwhelmingly elected to serve as a Trustee for the Sacramento City Unified School District with over 66% of the vote.

Diana has been a leading advocate against harmful school closures. She has fought for transparency, accountability and proper spending of the school district’s $480 million budget. While serving as president of the school board, she uncovered wasteful spending and worked to redirect those funds into the classroom. She has advocated for the best teachers in our classrooms and closing the achievement gap.

Diana also has a long record of community service including serving in the following capacities:

• Distinguished member of State Superintendent of Public Instruction Tom Torlakson’s Transition Advisory Team
• Past Board Member and Secretary for the nationwide Parent/Teacher Home Visit Program
• Chair, Sacramento 2010 US Census Latino Complete Count Committee
• Delegate Assembly Member, California School Boards Association (CSBA)

Diana has also participated in the White House Initiative on Educational Excellence for Hispanics, President Obama’s White House Hispanic Policy Summit, and as a guest commentator on National Public Radio. She is a long-time public servant with a combined 15 years of work experience in the public sector. She has worked in all branches of local government – school, city, county and state.

In her experience, Diana has adopted spending priorities and managed county budgets. She has provided oversight and direction for various projects including multi-million dollar health care service contracts and computerized system upgrades. She has analyzed and built state department budgets and has experience identifying potential budget misappropriations. She has also analyzed and researched collective bargaining agreements that ensure public workers are fairly compensated and taxpayers’ money is spent responsibly.

Diana completed the National Economic Policy Institute from the Kellogg School of Management at Northwestern University and has a degree in finance from DeVry University. She lives in Sacramento and has three daughters – Ezra, Taja, and Alana. She enjoys cheering for her two youngest daughters at their weekend swim meets where they compete for the Parkway Dolphins swim team.

Three main issues she’ll be focusing on:
1) Strengthening Public Education
2) Improving government efficiency and accountability
3) Cracking down on the influence of big money and special interest groups in politics

Congratulations to our very own: Lance Armstrong

The Sacramento County Historical Society will recognize Valley Community Newspapers’s very own historical writer, Lance Armstrong, at its annual dinner, to be held Tuesday, March 25 at 6 p.m. at the Dante Club, 2330 Fair Oaks Blvd.

Lance Armstrong was born at Sutter Memorial Hospital in Sacramento and has had a lifelong interest in the rich history of his native city and region.

At a very young age, Lance excelled in English courses and writing proficiency and creativity, and as a teenager, he was awarded a special medal for his excellence in creative writing by the San Juan Unified School District.

It was also during his teenage years that he created his own single-page newspaper, which he distributed to friends in various states. And because of this fact, occasionally Lance has humorously told people that by the time he was 16 years old, he was the editor of a national newspaper.

Lance’s early interest in history led to his many years of researching local histories and preserving historical documents, photographs and other historical items from throughout Sacramento County and other areas of the Golden State in his vast personal collection, which is recognized as the Lance Armstrong Collection.

After graduating from California State University, Sacramento with degrees in journalism and music, Lance began his professional writing career, which includes his work for local newspapers such as the East Sacramento News, Land Park News, Arden-Carmichael News, Pocket News, Elk Grove Citizen, The Sacramento Union, Capitol Weekly, Sacramento Downtown News, Sacramento Midtown News, Old Sacramento News, Natomas Journal, The Folsom Telegraph and the Sacramento News and Review.

Lance, who is presently employed by Valley Community Newspapers in Sacramento, has used his knowledge, researching abilities and personal archives in the process of producing local history articles for each of these publications.

These informative and entertaining articles provide a valuable resource for the present and future understanding of the area’s rich history.

The majority of Lance’s local history articles include oral history quotations from his interviews with people from various levels of society.

His local history articles have been positively recognized by various newspapers and organizations.

For instance, in a review of local newspapers in the Jan. 8, 2009 edition of the Sacramento News and Review, one of that publication’s writers, Cosmo Garvin, wrote: “Lance Armstrong’s writing on Sacramento history is always interesting.”

In 2006, the Elk Grove Historical Society presented Lance with an honorary lifetime membership for his continuous articles and other efforts in preserving the 150-year history of the Sacramento County city of Elk Grove.

Lance, who is also a member of the Sacramento County Historical Society, received another honorary lifetime membership six years later from the Portuguese Historical and Cultural Society (PHCS) for “his work in documenting the lives and contributions of the many Portuguese and Portuguese descended persons who were instrumental in developing the Riverside-Pocket area of Sacramento.”

In commenting about the latter honor, PHCS President Mary Ann Marshall said, “We are very appreciative of the many Portuguese-related articles that (Lance) has written for the Pocket News and we are pleased with the opportunity we have to archive them for future generations to have access to them. Lance did a wonderful job in making these stories come to life.”

In another honor, Lance received national recognition from the Grand Lodge of the Benevolent and Protective Order of Elks, in 2011, for his article, “Elks Lodge No. 6 has extensive history in Sacramento.”

The article, which was first published in the January 7, 2010 edition of the Pocket News, was selected as the country’s best newspaper article written about the Elks that year.

In addition to his hundreds of local history newspaper articles, Lance is the author of Echoes of Yesterday: Elk Grove – the first book in his Echoes of Yesterday history book series.

In 2007, Echoes of Yesterday: Elk Grove was recognized as the nation’s top regional history book for that year by the American Authors Association.

Lance is presently nearing the completion of several comprehensive history books about Sacramento from the times of Captain John Augustus Sutter to present.

His other endeavors include his regular contributions as a professional newspaper photographer and volunteering as a judge at the annual Camellia Society of Sacramento Camellia Show Photography Contest. He is also a public speaker, a musician and an avid music memorabilia collector with an emphasis on collecting concert posters and LP records, ranging in genres from rock and blues to jazz and country.

Art with a purpose: A Pocket sculptor’s mission to rid lead from ceramics in Bolivia

Here, Bolivian women, are making ceramic pots. The photographer, Miguel Paz, took the photo in 2010 when he returned to his home country. Paz is on a mission to remove lead from the clay in the small town of Huayculi. Photos by Miguel Paz

Here, Bolivian women, are making ceramic pots. The photographer, Miguel Paz, took the photo in 2010 when he returned to his home country. Paz is on a mission to remove lead from the clay in the small town of Huayculi. Photos by Miguel Paz

Editor’s note: This is the second part in a series about a prominent sculptor from the Pocket area whose work inspires and teaches students locally at the Short Center North and internationally in a small Bolivian town called Huayculi.

As was mentioned in the first part in this series about Pocket sculptor Miguel Paz, the artist hails from La Paz, Bolivia and has taken multiple trips back to his home country to share his expertise with fellow artists in an effort to create an international artists’ collective on the most basic level of community building and sharing of ideas and resources.

With a teaching background from Columbia University’s Teachers College and experience working with the Sacramento Arts Commission and also at the Short Center North, Paz is intent on showing townspeople how using natural resources not only produces aesthetically beautiful pieces, but also is healthier. Starting this week, he will be starting a four month class where he will learn how to build an anagama kiln and will be teaching people in Huayculi what he’s learned.

It is not uncommon in Bolivia or in other parts of South America to see ceramic pieces that contain lead and according to an April 7, 2011 article on the topic in Food Safety News, lead has been used in the glazing process for ceramic dishes, bowls, pitchers, plates and other utensils for centuries. Typically, after being fired in a kiln, a piece of ceramic will appear smooth and shiny due to the lead in the glaze.

Upon describing what he saw in Huayculi, Paz said in an interview with the Pocket News: “They are happy firing it at 1,000 degrees. I call it quasi ceramics. It’s not cooked; it’s only basically hardened. The reason why is that they efficiently melt the glaze, which is lead-based at that 1,000 degrees. You can make it run. When it comes out of the kiln, it looks like ceramics, so they are able to sell it.”

Surrounded by homes made from Adobe growing up, Paz was influenced by the material at such a young age. ”Adobe was incredible, so I was very much influenced by that when I was young. But also by 1991, I also began to see there was something that developed, from a cultural point of view that fascinated me.”

“There was a tremendous amount of alcoholism, similar to the Native American story on the reservations. There’s no incentive. Everybody is being taken care of, but there are all of these forces of prejudice and racism and marginalization that deprive individuals of wanting to make something with their lives.”

This discovery came to light during a visit in 1991, after 20 years had passed since Paz’s previous time there. He was living on the East Coast with his wife and daughters (ages 8 and 11), but problems with his marriage led to a separation and as a result he fled back to Bolivia.

“I was mainly just angry, bitter, disillusioned,” Paz said.

“I got a job working in a ceramics firm that was doing exports and imports. It was an interesting relationship, building a work production for making ceramic pieces that could be made there. They were fired electric. It was capital intensive,” he recalled. “It’s not like here where you can go to Alpha Ceramics (4675 Aldona Ln.) or Panama (Pottery, 4421 24th St.). You had to dig. I heard they had kaolin (a rare type of pure clay used in porcelain) down in Southern Bolivia.”

About a year and a half later, he boarded a bus out of Sucre to take him to the land of kaolinite rich rocks, but he never made it. The route from Sucre to Southern Bolivia was a 9-hour ride that tired out the bus driver who fell asleep at the wheel. The vehicle went off the side of a mountain, leaving Paz quadriplegic. “The last thing I remember seeing was nothing but dark in front of me. I swear, I was in the back, I heard screams. So I got up, put on my glasses and it was like light at the end of this dark thing.”

It was about 5 a.m. Paz was airlifted. Doctors saw bleeding, broken ribs, a contusion in the back, two broken collar bones. “It was really bad. I was really fortunate to have made it, but I made it back to the United States because they had no MRI in Bolivia,” Paz said. His mother brought him back to California, where he recuperated and gradually learned to regain strength and movement.

“When my Mom brought me back, I saw I had messed up when you leave children, even though it was a separation. I was very much an artist pursuing my thing. It was about me, me, me, me. It was the machismo, egocentric nature of the artist that I took out on my family.”

The accident, undoubtedly, was life changing for the artist in many ways in relation to his future work at the Short Center North as well as working to eliminate lead from the ceramics in Bolivia.
Because of the accident, Paz “saw the light.”

“It’s so connected you cannot believe. There’s an amazing potential to create art even if they wouldn’t have been able to consider a therapeutic association to rehabilitate. To me, it’s one of the greatest opportunities to work with this population. This is where art really begins, to understand the primal understanding of art. It evolves out of the life story.”

As the disabled population lives in the margins of society, the people of Bolivia Paz has met are also marginalized and he describes art as something readily available to the privilege class. “This is how it all fits. In reality, it’s an unfolding. And this is my own personal investment to do something that truly has a purpose. There’s a reason this is all coming together,” Paz said. “I had the accident. It was a reality check, a rethinking, and reevaluating of the most important principles a person should live by. It was philosophical.”

Paz took up teaching at the Short Center North, where he has enjoyed watching talent flourish from his students with disabilities and over the years, he has made a few trips back to Huayculi. “I came back to the United States and continued on with my life on a level that was more culturally based — how arts and education empower people. That’s what I noticed in Huayculi.”

Paz noticed the appreciation for Bolivian culture the people of Huayculi embodied, and the beauty of it all, has resonated within the sculptor, inspiring him to stay in contact with the community there on a regular basis since 1996. “(I speak to) the people who are producing the indigenous cottage industries — the people who are feeding the local markets.”

On an educational level, Paz wants to teach the importance of not using lead in ceramics and bring back the knowledge that has empowered Bolivians since the Inca. “That’s why in 1991, when I went to Bolivia, when I had the accident, I began to really see there was a real strong cultural ground of the knowledge of what clay can do for people. It’s such an inexpensive material but it’s so culturally embedded in the lives of people.”

But as much as Paz has tried to preach about the danger of lead-based clay, “it’s in one ear and out the other,” he said.

And he’s starting to see the philosophical connection. “It’s the way they have experienced life for so long, being at the yolk of someone else’s beat. Even the Inca was oppressive, but they weren’t into lead back then. Now everybody does it quick, quick, quick because you’re competing against plastics.”

Because of trade agreements, Bolivia has become the recipient of used cars, essentially becoming the dump site for conglomerates that are getting rid of their unwanted vehicles. “You can have a car that’s 5 years old that they are throwing away in Indonesia or Japan or Europe. They sell these cars to people in Bolivia so they can have a job driving a taxi and with it comes with a battery and the battery is already used as it is. There are no recycling efforts for batteries.

“So what the native people, the indigenous people, the artists, what they do, since they cannot afford much, they get their hands on an old battery. They cracked them open; they’ve removed the cells. There are nine cells in there that’s barium. Barium is a lead derivative that is able to collect that electricity. It can dispense on a gradual basis. The duration of it is five to 10 years if it’s well taken care of. By cracking it, you remove these cells, then you grind it. This is done in the open. With a little water, you coat all of the ceramic pieces in the low fire range at 100 to 1,000 degrees.

“Then they stack them on top of each other. Then they separate them and sell them at markets. These things are causing enormous problems. Not only as ultimately reaching the brain, but it’s also destroying the liver, the kidneys, the stomach, the esophagus. All of these problems that are tragic. Changing these from 1996 to today, it’s like fighting impossible odds, almost. The interests are really to increase the livelihood of people going back to the 50s. People weren’t just poor, they were dying. They were holding on with dysentery. The trade off is called denial.”

Paz describes the policies set forth by the World Bank and IMF trade agreements as “truly criminal” established by a ruling class to administrate.

“The only thing that is bad is the barium. And Bolivia is on the other side of the Andes and nobody cares. It’s being used as a glaze in this pseudo ceramics. Because it looks shiny, it’s actually distorting our sense of values. In terms of economy 7 to 10 percent of cottage industries are run by this quick fix. But it’s being discarded. I have just become aware of this as of last year,” Paz said, adding however, it’s not something new; it’s been going on for two generations. “We’re not rabbits or fruit flies. We are human beings. In one generation you can change these forces that are so great.”

While the odds may seem insurmountable to overcome, Paz currently is intent on learning how to build an anagama and show what he’s learned to empower the people of Huayculi to use natural resources to create a healthy local economy. “It would relate itself to an exchange program, a school for the arts and include the individual on a local base to work hand in hand in producing quality work,” he said.

Paz has been inspired by Marc Lancet, an instructor at Solano Community College who co-authored Japanese Wood-fired Ceramics with Masakazu Kusakabe in 2005. Lancet, not only uses wood in the firing process, he’s a master anagama kiln maker who is helping to revive a movement of the ancient type of pottery kiln which was brought to Japan from China in the 5th century and first to the United States in 1995. Akin to the large beehive kilns at Panama Pottery, which are no longer in use, the anagama can be quite ginormous and firings can last weeks.

“He (Lancet) uses natural resources and high fire to create incredibly colorful pieces. What you are exposing is the richness of the clay as it crystallizes. So the appeal of all of this is the coloration. The wood itself, when it reaches high fire, it creates an ash that floats inside of the chamber at high temperature and it floats and descends. It coats and lands on the pieces that are maturing. It’s great,” Paz said.

In the process Lancet uses, none of the glazes are lead based and as far as using wood to fire in Bolivia, well, Paz said the country has a lot of eucalyptus. “With proper management, you can do it. You have to plan on the level of the growth of the eucalyptus,” he added.

From the inspiration of Lancet and Sacramento State University ceramics professor Scott Parady, Paz has learned the beautiful facets the anagama can have on the experience of a community. “We are conscious of the fact it’s a collective and communal experience.” And in relating back to Bolivia, he said: “There aren’t many jobs available in that field, so we need to make the interest in the learning of making ceramics through the people in the humanities – the understanding of art, the children who will become the people who will bring about a social change.”

Stolen bike! Don’t be a victim; lock it up and register it with the police department

Editor’s note: Names have been changed to protect the privacy of a teenage boy and his family. The family has been subject to bike theft in the neighborhood.

Jennifer Smith, a long-time Pocket resident called into the Pocket News in an effort to raise awareness surrounding bike theft. Her 14-year-old son Jim was having lunch with a friend at El Faro Taqueria in the Promenade. Unfortunately, he didn’t lock his bike up and instead he leaned it against a window. He and his friend were sitting inside with the bike in view when all of a sudden two youth, described as being about two years their senior, look Jim and his friend in the eye, before allegedly taking off with the bike.

Jim took off running after the alleged thieves and interestingly a bike belonging to Jim’s friend was not stolen (even though there were two thieves).

Jennifer described the scene: “They just kicked the stand and rode off with it. (Jim) called the police; they said it wasn’t urgent but to file a report. There’s nothing they can do about it. That was such a bummer. We love being down here. The smoke shop (next to El Faro) caught it on tape. His little helper was cussing little (Jim) out. He chased him. My son could have caught up with him. There were all these cuss words. The guys that took it were just a little older, just a little bigger.”

The bike, a 16-year-old Trek cruiser, holds fond memories for Jennifer who recalls riding her three babies around the neighborhood. “People would say, ‘I love your bike.’ I rode it since then. We would get our bikes out and ride along the river. (Jim) got so tall; he was the only one who rode the cruiser. It was mine but he rode it because of his long legs. It was so comfortable. It has high handlebars. Riding around the river was our little family thing to do. I am on the river at least every other day.”

As far as the recent incident goes, Jennifer said, “It dawned on me that my son should have never chased them … it’s just a bike.” And as far as Jim’s friend was concerned, his bike was left. The accomplice rather run from the scene of the crime than take the “rickety bike.”

The alleged was caught on tape wearing a “bright red cap and two pairs of shorts. His other friend was in a grey sweatshirt.” Jennifer said she’s been watching on eBay to see if they could find the bike.

The point to Jennifer’s call, she said, was to remind readers to lock up their valuables.

Coincidentally, the Sacramento Police Department, in partnership with Councilmember Steve Hansen and the City of Sacramento, has launched a free online bicycle registry called Ride On! So here’s a bit of a PSA, courtesy of the City’s website. Registration for the program can be found online as well at:

Why Register?

    Bicycle Identification – If your bike is stolen and is registered with the City of Sacramento, the police department can easily search registration records because your registered bicycle is cross-referenced by name as well as by serial number and registration number.
    Recovered Bikes Returned to Owners – A registered bike greatly increases the likelihood it will be returned to its owner.
    Rider Identification – Bicycle registration aids in identifying the bicycle owner in case of a crash. Many bicyclists don’t carry identification. This is especially true for children.